Archive for the ‘Disaster’ Category

May 13: A coup to oust Tunku

May 13, 2007
I bought some copies at the book launch this morning. The declassified documents were sufficient to help readers to understand what has taken place in 1969. But I was a little disappointed that there was no solid and concrete records on the actual number of casualties (total deaths and injuries).

The publisher of the book, Suaram, has suggested to establish a commission of truth to get to the bottom of the May 13 Incident.

Both panelists (Dr Syed Husin Ali and Dr S Nagarajan) agreed with the findings and conclusion made by Dr Kua Kia Soong, that May 13 was not a spontaneous racial outburst but a coup staged by the Malay ultras at that time.

The biggest beneficiary of May 13 was Razak. He practically controlled the country through the National Operation Council (NOC), the new powerhouse of politics in Malaysia. 

Who were those involved besides Razak? Tunku himself has alleged : ” You know Harun was one of those-Harun, Mahathir, Ghazali Shafie-who were all working with Razak to oust me, to take over my place…”

I foresee that this book will inevitably kick up a storm in the national political arena. Umno is now under pressure to explain its role during the darkest hours of our nation. Umno leaders who were being mentioned in the book would most likely be the first to rebut vehemently (or at least give their sides of the story). 

The 134-page book was sold at only RM20 per copy. Grab a copy before it was banned by the Umno-led BN goverment.

 513事件是推翻东姑政变
学者促政府还原历史真相

■日期/May 13, 2007   ■时间/03:28:24 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/MerdekaReview.com 陈慧思
           
【本刊陈慧思撰述】在“513事件”遭“神话”了整整38年的今日,学者兼民权工作者柯嘉逊试图还原“513事件”的真相,为这个困扰我国各族人民38年的历史事迹去神话。发生在1969年5月13日的“513事件”38年来被官方定论为“种族冲突事件”,柯嘉逊(右图)根据史料挑战这项说法。他根据英国解密史料分析出,这宗困扰改变我国政治生态的历史大事件并非一起种族冲突事件,而是一起巫统精英策谋的政变!鉴于官方说法已经站不住脚,马来西亚人民之声(Suara Malaysia,简称“SUARAM”)和柯嘉逊呼吁我国政府成立独立的“还原513事件真相”委员会,展开公开听证会收集目击者的口供和看法,还原这个历史事迹的真相。柯嘉逊从伦敦西郊国立植物公园(Kew Gardens)的公共档案舘发掘了一批解密文件;这批解密文件显示,“513事件”并非突发事件,反之是一次有计划的行动,目的是推翻第一任首相东姑阿都拉曼(Tunku Abdul Rahman)的政权。

柯嘉逊断然指出:“马来西亚1969年5月13日的种族暴乱,绝非多元族群社会中自发的种族暴乱。有关的撤銷保密的文件清楚表明,发动这场种族暴乱是有计划的行动。”

配合“513事件”的周年日,马来西亚人民之声(Suara Malaysia,简称“SUARAM”)今日上午在隆雪中华大会堂,为柯逊博士新著《513 – 1969年暴动之解密文件》举办推介礼暨举办“回顾513事件:独立后的种族关系与国家团结”讲座会,邀请柯嘉逊、学者兼人民公正党署理主席赛胡先阿里(Syed Husin Ali)和学者那卡拉贞主讲,吸引约120人与会。

赛胡先阿里符合柯说法

柯嘉逊指出,“513事件”是新兴马來官僚资产阶级推翻马來贵族阶层的政变;依照东姑阿都拉曼的说法,政变的主事人很可能就是当时的副首相阿都拉萨(Abdul Razak)和雪兰莪州州务大臣哈伦依特里斯(Harun Idris),其同谋尚包括了在位22年的前首相马哈迪。

马来亚大学前社会学教授的赛胡先(Syed Husin Ali)和甘榜美丹事件研究学者纳嘉拉贞(S. Nagarajan)皆认同,“513事件”乃一起由巫统内部斗争所策划的事件,甚于一起民间种族情绪高涨所引发的暴动。

1969年大选,联盟遭到自独立以來的一次最慘重的失败,它还甚至可能失去一些州立法议会的控制权。官方历史把在野党的游行庆祝视为“513事件”的燃火线,可是,柯嘉逊指出,许多观察家认为,在野党喜悅欢腾和大事庆祝,并不可能成为暴徒们行凶的借口。反之,制造暴动的很可能是图谋推翻东姑夺权的巫统领导人。

柯嘉逊引用1977年一名新闻工作者苏吉拉迪夫的话:“‘513事件’并不是自发的。它是经过快速精心计划的。这事件计划者的身份,还无法准确地说出來。不论它如何发生,“513事件”是針对东姑阿都拉曼的一项政变。虽然他继续担任首相兼巫统主席,但是他仅仅是一个有名无实的傀儡。其实,东姑从此大权旁落。”

柯嘉逊在书中指出,到了1969年,后殖民主义的发展引起工人和农民以及一部分中产阶级的不滿。在求职与受教育,獲取奖學金和执照方面,国家所采取的歧视性政策,令他们感到不滿。

原本在马来西亚政治前景中占优势的联盟,他们在1969年大选中显得黯然失色。巫统至高无上的权力被认为已受到威胁。这一切等于给官僚资产阶级发出讯号,应以“马來人具主导地位”的名义,进行夺取政权的计划。

柯嘉逊是在其新书《513 – 1969年暴动之解密文件》(左图)中作出上述披露。他在书中把“513事件”喻为“关鍵性的政治起义”。他指出:“它改变了马来西亚政治史,确保新兴马來资产阶级的崛起,并通过‘新经济政策’,鞏固他们的政治势力。”

鉴于“513事件”的官方说法已经为英国解密文件动摇,且在“513事件”发生以来政府从未正式对这段历史展开深入的研究,人民之声执行主任叶瑞生、柯嘉逊和赛胡先皆呼吁政府成立“还原真相委员会”,趁当时的目击者尚健在,就这起冰封的历史展开深入的研究。赛胡先也呼吁政府公开官方文件,助人民辨明真相。

柯嘉逊是人民之声的理事,他曾于1987年“茅草行动”期间在《内安法令》下被扣留445天。获释后协助成立人民之声,随后参政并于1995年获选为八打灵再也区国会议员。柯嘉逊是英国曼彻斯特大学经济学士,后在同一所大学考获博士学位,他目前是新纪元学院院长。

“513事件”影响深远

官方数据显示,1969年5月13日国內骚乱期间,有196人丧失生命,180人被枪伤,259人被武噐所致伤。根据“国家行动理事会”的报告,9,143人被逮捕,其中有5,561人被控上法庭。在暴乱过程中,6千人无家可归,至少有211只车辆被毁坏或损坏,而753所建築物被大火烧毁或损坏。

柯嘉逊的书显示,当时国际通讯记者所计算的死伤人数遠遠超过上述数据。他也说:“当局刻意把受害者属于哪一种族的事实掩盖起來。但是,众所周知,大部分的受害人是华人。”

 “513事件”长期以来因涉及种族冲突,被编为社会议论的禁忌,我国官方历史书仅简单交待该起事件为“种族冲突事件”,没有多加阐述,以致“513事件”38年来皆作为“种族冲突”的符号存在着。柯嘉逊的新著,进一步验证了民间传送的另一个版本的历史:“513事件”实则是巫统内部斗争所引发的政变。

新经济政策是1969年5月13日种族冲突惨剧的产物,政府在“513事件”后制订为期20年的新经济政策(1971-1990),其两大目标为重组社会与消除贫穷。新经济政策结束后,国阵政府在1991年6月公布“国家发展政策”(1991-2000),以取代新经济政策,强调经济平衡发展,基础工业多元化,重视人力资源开发。
 
虽然新经济政策的20年期限结束了,它仍是一个塑造今日马来西亚的政策,甚至可说是塑造马来西亚人生活、经济、政治的最重要因素。新经济政策向来被视为“土著至上”的经济政策,让马来人土著享有巨大优惠,扶持马来资产阶级。

近年来,土著特权以“土著仍旧落后他族”之名扩大至所有与政府有密切关联的领域,银行业以土著股权为准绳挑选指定律师楼便是一例。此外,自从“513事件”发生后,每当大选来临而我国的政权的现状遭受威胁时(如1990年大选、1999年大选),“513事件”就被亮出,恐吓人民一旦国阵政权或马来人地位被动摇,“513事件”便会重演。

这起骚动,俨然国阵稳住政权的秘密武器。还原“513事件”的真相,有助于破解“必须维持现状,才能维持国家稳定”的迷思。

Please help our poor flood victims, Mr Prime Minister!

January 12, 2007
 Let’s see what our ministers from Johor will do this time.In the last wave of flood, all of them (except Chua Soi Lek) have gone for overseas holiday and decided not to return to help the victims in their constituencies. They probably thought that the vast vote majority they obtained during the past elections should help them to sail through even if they were not around to help the victims. AAB set an very bad example when he decided to proceed with his holiday in Australia immediately after his one-day visit in Johor ( mind you,he has just got back from his RM30 m “yatch” holiday in Turkey).

AAB has increased the financial aids to each family from RM200 to RM500 after mush criticism from DAP and the victims. But this is really “chicken feeds” if we compare it to the RM600 m “given” to all Umno division chiefs and the RM 300 m “burnt” during the annual Monsoon Cup in Terengganu.

We urge Najib to send his servicemen immediately to help rescue the flood victioms. And Ong Ka Ting should also mobilise all servicemen working in Bomba dan Penyelamat and local councils to do the same. And make sure they do not take money before providing help and assistance to the victims this time.

Johor hit by new wave of floods

Jan 12, 07 3:48am / malaysiakini
Malaysia’s south has been hit by a second wave of flooding, with two days of downpours forcing more than 20,000 people to flee their homes, officials said today.“It’s quite a gloomy morning,” said Che Moin Umar, chief of the Crisis and Disaster Management Directorate.”We have a total number of victims evacuated at 20,051,” he told AFP.

Che Moin said that most of Johor was affected, and that he expected more evacuations to take place over the weekend, with forecasts of rain.

“People are taking very fast action to evacuate themselves … That is a good step,” he said.

Che Moin said that most of Johor was affected, and that he expected more evacuations to take place today. The situation is tipped to worsen with rain forecast to continue over the weekend.

More than 2,000 people were already sheltering in flood evacuation centres in Johor in the aftermath of the first round of flooding which hit late last month, forcing 90,000 to evacuate their homes at the peak of the crisis.

Since then rains have hit hit the country’s north and its eastern states on Borneo island.

Seventeen people have been killed so far in the floods – the worst in decades -caused by unseasonally heavy rain.

Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi yesterday said that initial estimates of the damages from the disaster had reached more than RM100 million.

– AFP