Archive for the ‘World’ Category

Altantuya case: Mazlina punched Shaariibuu!?

June 22, 2007
If Shaariibuu was not lying, what on Earth Mazlina trying to prove? Was she a former magistrate? Give us a break!Razak’s wife punched me: Shaariibuu
Jun 22, 07 1:38pm Malaysiakini
A different kind of drama unfolded in the Altantuya murder trial today when prosecution witness Shaariibuu Setev claimed from the witness stand that he was assaulted and harassed by Abdul Razak Baginda’s wife.Shaariibuu, the second prosecution witness, said Mazlina Makhzan (photo) had kicked him this morning.He also claimed that she had also punched him in the stomach as she passed by him during a break this morning.Shaariibuu added that Mazlina had been harassing him since the beginning of the murder trial of his daughter Altantuya.After hearing his complaints, Shah Alam High Court judge Mohd Zaki Md Yasin ordered that the families of Abdul Razak Baginda and Shaariibuu Setev be kept apart.

In tears

Earlier in the day, Shaariibuu became emotional and wept after he was shown his daughter’s photo.

“She is Altantuya”, he said in the Mongolian language. He then took off his spectacles to wipe his tears before his words were interpreted into English.

He also took a swipe at various media reports that had labelled Altantuya as ‘a Mongolian woman”.

He said many people had reported and called her a Mongolian woman “but if you want me to mention her name, I will.”

Justice Mohd Zaki then allowed a 30-minute recess to enable Shaariibuu to calm down before cross-examination by the defence.

The trial will continue after lunch.

In the dock are Chief Insp Azilah Hadri, 30, and Cpl Sirul Azhar Umar, 35, charged with murdering Altantuya, 28, at a location between lots 12843 and 16735 in Mukim Bukit Raja here between 10pm on Oct 19 and 1am on Oct 20 last year.

Political analyst Abdul Razak Abdullah Baginda, 46, is charged with abetting them the previous day.

沙里布:拉萨妻子打我肚子!
法官即刻下令分隔双方家属
郭史光庆
07年6月22日 下午2:01
Malaysiakini
炸尸案审讯进入第5天

,继续出现高潮迭起的局面。出席作证的阿旦杜雅父亲沙里布

,今早突然向法庭申诉

,指炸尸案第三被告阿都拉萨巴金达的妻子玛兹琳达(左图),自审讯开始至今就不断骚扰和诅咒他,甚至用脚踢他及殴打其肚子。

在第一被告阿兹拉哈德里(Azilah Hadri)的辩护律师哈兹曼(Hazman Ahmad)在上午结束盘问后,身为第二名证人的沙里布表示欲向法庭做出申诉。

沙里布通过其蒙古翻译员以英语表示,“每次阿都拉萨妻子玛兹琳达经过(我身边),她就踢我。刚才她也打我(沙里布用手指向本身的肚子)。每一次她都压迫、骚扰和诅咒我。我很难忍受。不过,我是一个受过教育的人,我不会对她做出什么行动”。

沙里布补充说,玛兹琳达大约今早10时30分休庭时,在法庭通往证人室的入口处,再一次攻击他。

在听取其投诉后,沙亚南高庭法官法官莫哈末查基即刻下令,把阿都拉萨的家属及沙里布分隔起来。

沙里布:目睹庭警可作证

沙里布(右图)也表示,有庭警目睹他遭到玛兹琳达的攻击。

然而,玛兹琳达在午餐休庭步出法庭时,却怒气冲冲的向记者表示,“我在法庭里踢和殴打他?这有可能吗?简直是撒谎(What a lie)”。

在沙里布申诉完毕后,主控官敦阿都玛吉副检察司(Tun Majid Tun Hamzah)和阿都拉萨辩护律师王健强都站起来,表示对此不知情。

阿都玛吉和王健强表示,两人是在数分钟前,才获得卡巴星告知此事。卡巴星是代表死者家属和蒙古政府的旁听律师。

由于沙里布和玛兹琳达都是此案的证人,因此在每天审讯时,两人都被安排坐在证人室等候。今早在沙里布向法官申诉的时候,玛兹琳达并没有在庭内。

有鉴于此,法官莫哈末查基指示王健强劝请玛兹琳达停止有关行为,而王健强也答应会给予后者劝告。

王健强表示,由于有关事件发生在法庭外,因此与此案无关,只有发生在法庭内才能够构成藐视法庭的罪名。

不过,他补充说,沙里布可以对玛兹琳达采取法律行动,而玛兹琳达也可以自辩,但是皆与此案无关。

敦玛吉表示,他将会与庭警讨论,把阿都拉萨家人与来自蒙古的证人分隔开来。

卡巴星:可视为藐视法庭

此外,卡巴星於中午休庭时告诉记者,“无论是在庭内或庭外,只要是恐吓证人,都可以构成藐视法庭的罪名”。

“这是不对的,你不能伤害证人,无论是通过语言或行动。”

不过,卡巴星继称,沙里布不会采取法律行动。

“没有必要,我们了解被告家属的感受。法庭已经指示辩方律师,此事就告一段落。”

沙里布庭上睹相思女频拭泪较早前,主控官马诺兹(Manoj Kurup)在盘问沙里布时,拿出一张照片,要沙里布确认相中人是否就是其长女阿旦杜雅。沙里布看了相片后悲从中来,并开始流泪。法庭助理於是递给沙里布一盒纸巾,后者频频脱下眼镜,以纸巾拭泪。在旁边的翻译员也拍拍他的肩膀,加以安慰。当时,沙里布表示,“我们蒙古人不会直接讲出死者的名字,但是如果你(主控官)要求的话,我可以告诉你。我们只称死者作‘死者’”。

玛诺表示,“对不起,但是为了法庭记录,请你说出名字。”

这名伤心的爸爸只好说,“阿旦杜雅”。

不久后,法庭就宣布休庭半小时,直到上午11时05分才继续审讯。

去年11月被通知女儿遭谋杀

沙里布在今天的供词透露,阿旦杜雅是与一名亲戚纳米拉(Namiraa Garelmaa)和一名友人乌里杜雅(Uuriintuya Gal Orchir)一起来到大马。

沙里布表示,他是在去年11月初,从蒙古外交部获知阿旦杜雅已遭谋杀。於是,他就在11月9日飞抵吉隆坡。在抵达吉隆坡后,马来西亚警方抽取了他的血液,以进行脱氧核糖核酸测验。

沙里布表示,警方曾告知他,其脱氧核糖核酸与阿旦杜雅的骸骨吻合。

阿旦重返拉萨家祝屠妖节快乐
表姐妹否认报案指两人已结婚
郭史光庆
07年6月22日 晚上9:30
调整字体大小:
炸尸案死者蒙古女郎阿旦杜亚的表姐(或表妹)娜米拉表示

,当她发现阿旦杜亚失踪后

,就前往吉隆坡的一间警局报案。但是她却否认曾在报案书里头

,直指阿都拉萨是阿旦杜亚的丈夫。

娜米拉今日在沙亚南高庭做证,不曾向警方这么表示。

她强调,“我没说过这些话”。

娜米拉是蒙古女郎炸尸案的第三名证人,她通过蒙古翻译员向法庭透露,在失踪之前(2006年10月19日),阿旦杜亚曾与另一名陪同到来马来西亚的友人乌里杜雅(Uuriintuya Gal Orchir),一起前往警局报案。不过,她没有随行,也不知道为何报案。

后来三人在当晚就乘坐德士前往阿都拉萨的住家,并在那里遇见阿都拉萨聘请的私家侦探巴拉(P Balasubramaniam)。不过当后者告诉她们说,阿都拉萨不在家时,她们就折返下榻的马来亚酒店。

单独前去,或能见拉萨

娜米拉说,在大约9时左右,阿旦杜亚向她们表示,“阿都拉萨现在可能人在屋里,我想回去向他说声屠妖节快乐”。

“阿旦杜亚要我们留在酒店里,她认为,如果单独前去,或许可以见到他。”

娜米拉接着表示,在阿旦杜亚乘坐德士离开酒店后,一度致电透露,自己在阿都拉萨的住家之外。过后电话就挂断,自此再也没任何讯息,那是她最后一次与阿旦杜亚说话。

后来,娜米拉和乌里杜雅多次尝试联络阿旦杜亚的手机,却无法接通。她们也试图致电巴拉与其助手苏拉斯(Suras Kumar)以询问阿旦杜亚的下落。不过巴拉却表示不知晓,苏拉斯的电话则无法被接通。

阿旦私家侦探协助报警

第二天,在酒店经理的劝告下,娜米拉在阿旦杜亚之前聘请的私家侦探洪忠明的协助下,前往李孝式路警局报案。

她说,由于自己不会讲英语或马来语,因此在前往报案前,曾致电人在香港的阿旦杜亚胞妹布玛(Burmaa Oyunchimeg,又称艾美Amy,右图),要她以英语告诉洪忠明究竟发生了什么事,过后再由洪忠明与负责报案的警察进行沟通。

这份拥有娜米拉签名的报案书,显示她是报案者,而洪忠明则是翻译员。这份只有4个句长的报案书,是指娜米拉与阿旦杜亚在10月6日抵达吉隆坡。

不过,当翻译员在法庭上将报案书内容念给娜米拉听时,她却表示日期应该是10月8日。

指巴拉致电约往拉萨家

报案书也指一名“印度人”(巴拉,左图)致电阿旦杜亚,指其丈夫阿都拉萨要求这名“印度人”转告她,前往阿都拉萨位于白沙罗的住家。

对此,娜米拉否认。她也否认报案书的另一段内容,即阿旦杜亚与阿都拉萨已成婚。

娜米拉更澄清说,当时她指阿旦杜亚是“姐姐(或妹妹)”,不是报案书上的“女性友人”。

不过,报案书的其他部分都被确认是正确的,即阿旦杜亚离开酒店前往白沙罗后,就失踪,电话也屡拔不通。

临走前留下一张电话名单

娜米拉也表示,阿旦杜亚在19日早上前往警局报案之前,曾交给她一份电话名单,表示若有不测,就联络名单上的电话。

于是她就把电话清单,交给较后抵达的布玛,因为后者会讲英语。

一直到娜米拉返回蒙古后,她才从电视上得悉阿旦杜亚已遭人谋害。

较早前,她也表示,与乌里杜雅一同来马,是为了就读一项语文课程,并不清楚阿旦杜亚来马目的。后者曾表示是要来马,会晤“某人”。

娜米拉表示,自己曾经两次陪同阿旦杜亚到马天然树胶局大厦(Bangunan Lembaga Getah Asli Malaysia)尝试会晤“某人”,但是皆失败。

审讯将在下周一续审,控方将会继续盘问娜米拉。

阿尔丹杜雅死前留下电话名单
证人:她说没回来就联络他们
■日期/Jun 22, 2007   ■时间/09:35:17 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/merdekareview曾薛霏
       

【本刊曾薛霏撰述】“炸尸案”死者阿尔丹杜雅的表妹纳美拉(Namiraa Gerelmaa)透露,阿尔丹杜雅在去年10月19日下午警察局报案时,曾她和朋友嘉洛琪(Gal-Ochir Uurintuya)留下一份电话名单,并若她出去没有回来,就联络名单上的人。

不过,纳美拉目前手上并没有这份电话名单;她告诉法院,这份名单在布尔玛(Burmaa Oyunchimeg),或别名艾美(Amy,右图)的手上。

纳美拉今日下午回答主控官马诺(Manoj Kurup)盘问时,透露上述情况。在前天(周三)的审讯,主控官阿都马吉(Abdul Majid Tun Hamzah)盘问第一证人巴拉苏巴马廉(Balasubramaniam)时,巴拉透露,阿尔丹杜雅的姐妹艾美发过一则手机短讯恐吓阿都拉萨,而阿都拉萨则短讯转发给巴拉。【点击:证人认出首被告载走死者 阿都拉萨说对凶案不知情】

在雪兰莪莎亚南高等法院开庭的“炸尸案”审讯今天进入第五天,法庭再度传召死者阿尔丹杜雅父亲沙里布(Shaariibuu Setev)和表妹纳美拉供证。纳美拉也是去年10月8日陪同阿尔丹杜雅到马来西亚的两名蒙古女子之一。

阿尔丹杜雅死时28岁,她去年10月来马来西亚后,在1018日至19日期间失踪;116日,她遭炸毁的残骸遗骨在莎亚南丛林被发现。沙里布上周五告诉媒体,阿尔丹杜雅毕业于两所大学,精通六种语文――蒙古语、法语、华语、英语、韩语和俄罗斯语,自四、五年前起就担任专业翻译员,并非本地媒体所说的妓女或模特儿。【点击:举证揭女儿与阿都拉萨关系 沙里布:她不是妓女模特儿】

死者并没见到那个人

主控官问纳美拉是否知道阿尔丹杜雅来马的原因是要见一个人;纳美拉答说,就她所知,阿尔丹杜雅并没有成功见到那个人。她也声称,当时并不知道她要来见什么人。

接下来她说:“现在我知道了。”

马诺问道:“阿尔丹杜雅来见谁?”

纳美拉答道:“拉萨巴金德(Razak Baginda,左图)。”

纳美拉告诉法庭,她们去年10月来马时,入住马来亚酒店。她曾经两次陪同阿尔丹杜雅到第三被告阿都拉萨(Abdul Razak Baginda)的办公室,曾在阿都拉萨的办公室见过巴拉。

纳美拉透露,10月19日当天,阿尔丹杜雅和嘉洛琪曾在下午出去报案,她则独自留在酒店。阿尔丹杜雅外出留下一张电话名单给她和朋友嘉洛琪,并说若她出去没有回来,就联络名单上的人。

不过,纳美拉说,目前手上没有这份电话单,这份名单在布尔玛(Burmaa Oyunchimeg),或别名艾美(Amy)的手上。纳美拉表示,由于艾美英文比较好,她把名单给了艾美,让她联络这些人。

当晚时左右,她们三人同乘德士到阿都拉萨的家抵达目的地时,看见巴拉站在铁门外阿尔丹杜雅问巴拉,阿都拉萨是否在家,巴拉答说不在。

德士司机载她们回到酒店后,阿尔丹杜雅告诉她们,她认为阿都拉萨有可能在家,她要独自去见阿都拉萨,祝贺他“屠妖节快乐”。阿尔丹杜雅认为,她一人去较有可能见到阿都拉萨。虽然嘉洛琪建议她一起去,阿尔丹杜雅拒绝。当时大概是晚上9时30分。

纳美说,“我们回到房间时,阿尔丹杜雅打电话回到酒店她说,她已在阿都拉萨家门外。”当时是纳美拉接听这通电话,不过接下来对方就挂线了。

当晚,纳美拉和嘉洛琪都不停地给阿尔丹杜雅打电话,但一直无法接通当时,酒店一位女经理建议她们次日去报案。

尔后,她们也尝试联络巴拉和其助手苏拉斯(Suras Kumar)前者说不知道阿尔丹杜雅行踪,后者则一直无法联络上。

法院要纳美拉在庭上指认苏拉斯,纳美拉看他时,只是眯着眼睛快速地看了苏拉斯一眼,有点生气地说:“是他。”

报案书与证人当时说法不符

阿尔丹杜雅(右图)晚出去之后,就没有回来,纳美拉担心阿尔丹杜雅的安危而去报警。

10月20日下午,纳美拉和嘉洛琪洪姓私家侦探陪同前往警局报案。由于两人不谙马来语,英语也由洪姓私家侦探协助报案由于艾美的英语流利,所以前往报案之前,纳美拉联络远在香港的艾美。

艾美过后联络洪姓私家侦探协助两人前往报案。当时,由洪姓私家侦探将警员的马来话翻译成英文给两人听,再由私家侦探讲给警员听由于沟通不良,几人报案时还绘图传达报案内容。

主控官马诺问纳美拉,在报案书上签名时是否读过报案书内容?她声称没有人念过内容给她听。主控官后来让通译员协助纳美拉读报案书内容不过,纳美拉随后声称,报案书中有一些话,她并没有说过。她只在报案时,告诉警员她几时来,住在什么地方、阿尔丹杜雅离开后就再没有回来。

于是,主控官马诺便逐句问纳美拉,她是否曾经在警局说过这些话。

马诺:我在2006年10月6日,我的女性朋友阿尔丹杜雅,28岁,住在马来亚酒店,821号房。

纳美拉:我们来的日期是10月8日,我没有说女性朋友,我说姐妹(sister)。

马诺:在2006年10月19日,时间19:00(晚上七时)我的朋友阿尔丹杜雅在马来亚酒店接到一个印男人的电话,说她(阿尔丹杜雅)的丈夫叫他载我的朋友去白沙罗高原。

纳美拉:我从来没有说过这样的话。

马诺:然后,大约20:00(晚上八时),我的朋友联络我她已经抵达他丈夫阿都拉萨巴金德在白沙罗高原的家。

纳美拉:我说她到了那里,其他的我没有说过。

马诺:我的朋友已经跟阿都拉萨巴金德结婚直到现在。

纳美拉:我没有说过。

马诺:直到现在,我联络我的朋友,但是都无法联络上她。

纳美拉:是我的话。

马诺:我报案的原因是,担心有什么事发生在我朋友身上。

纳美拉:我说了这些话,不过没有说朋友,而是说姐妹。

纳美拉说直到离开马来西亚为止,都不知道阿尔丹杜雅发生了什么事。直到后来,她在蒙古看到新闻时,才知道阿尔丹杜雅被残酷地杀死,她被枪杀,然后被炸。

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NEP was criticised by top EU envoy

June 22, 2007

NEP has been misued and abused by top Umno leaders to amass wealth for themselves and their families and cronies. Ordinary folks have not benefited at all from the so-called “never ending policy”.

What we need is a reformed new economic agenda in the interest of all Malaysians regardless of ethnic origins. 

 Associated Press
EU Envoy Blasts Malaysia’s NEP
By EILEEN NG 06.21.07, 5:46 AM ET

Europe’s top envoy to Malaysia Thursday urged the government to roll back its affirmative action policy for majority Malays, saying it is discriminatory and amounts to protectionism against foreign companies.

In unusually frank comments that ignored diplomatic niceties, Thierry Rommel openly criticized Malaysia’s 37-year-old New Economic Policy, or NEP, that gives a host of privileges in jobs, education, business and other areas to ethnic Malays.

“In a dominant part of the domestic economy, there is no level playing field for foreign companies,” Rommel, the ambassador and head of the European Commission Delegation to Malaysia, said in a speech to local and foreign businessmen.

Ethnic Malays and other indigenous groups, known as Bumiputras, comprise more than 60 percent of Malaysia’s 26 million people. The government says they have a disproportionately low share of the corporate wealth compared to the minority Chinese, and need the NEP to increase their standard of living.

The government did not immediately respond to Rommel’s comments.

Rommel said the government is using the NEP as an excuse to practice “significant protectionism of its own market,” including the automotive sector, steel, consumer goods, agricultural products, services and government contracts.

Malaysia claims these are “infant” industries that need to be protected but “in reality .. it is the Malay-centered Bumiputra policy that drives protectionist policies,” Rommel said.

As part of the NEP, all public-listed companies are required to allocate 30 percent of their shares to Malays. Companies without Malay directors or employees are excluded from lucrative government contracts. Employers have quotas for hiring Malays.

Eric Reuter, sales and marketing director of freight forwarder ABX Logistics, said the Belgium-based company has a 51 percent Bumiputra partner and is required to work with local companies on government-related projects.

The limitations have eroded his profit margin, he said.

“We cannot be as flexible as we want to be and chances that corruption comes into play is higher. It is an interruption to the free market,” Reuter told The Associated Press.

Besides foreigners, minority ethnic Chinese and Indians also see the NEP as a discriminatory tool. Many Malays also have complained the policy has benefited only a few well-connected people.

NEP was started in 1970 when the Malays’ corporate ownership was 2 percent. The aim was to raise it to 30 percent by 2010, from 19 percent now. Chinese, who form a quarter of the population, control 40 percent of corporate wealth.

Rommel stopped short of saying the NEP should be scrapped but told reporters separately: “We (in Europe) have bitten the bullet on a number of sensitive issues, why can’t you?”

He warned the NEP could “lead to problems” in free trade negotiations between the EU and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of which Malaysia is a key member.

The two groups agreed last month to launch free trade talks, which could raise ASEAN’s exports to the EU by up to 20 percent, Rommel said. Senior officials are expected to hold their first meeting in Vietnam next month, he added.

Copyright 2007 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed

Altantuya case: One of the private eyes sacked

June 22, 2007

The private eye who worked for P Balasubramaniam was sacked because he was said to have an intimate relationship with one of the Mongolian girls who accompanied Altantuya to Malaysia. According to P Balasubramaniam, he sacked his assistant Suras Kumar at the request of his client Razak Baginda.

Father: Altantuya came to see Razak

Sabrina Chan
Jun 21, 07 6:53pm
Malaysiakini 
Dr Shaariibuu Setev, the father of the murdered Mongolian national Altantuya today told the Shah Alam High Court that his daughter traveled to Kuala Lumpur last October to meet Abdul Razak Baginda.To a question by DPP Manoj Kurup, Shaariibuu said Altantuya herself told him that.“I asked her if she had anybody as a reason to go there (Kuala Lumpur),” he said.“She told me yes. She said she knows someone in Malaysia whose name is Baginda,” explained Dr. Shaariibuu, with the help of an interpreter.

Shaariibuu is the second prosecution witness to take the stand in this high-profile murder trial.

Private investigator P Balasubramaniam has been testifying for the past three days and almost the full day today. 

Shaariibuu also described his daughter as having a jet-setting life as a professional translator and interpreter.

“She traveled most frequently to Malaysia, Singapore and China, but also traveled to many other countries.”

When asked how many children he had, he replied that he had two daughters.

Manoj will continue with his questioning tomorrow when the trial resumes before Justice Mohd Zaki Md Yasin.

Political analyst Abdul Razak Baginda is charged with abetting the murder of Altantuya. Two special unit policemen, Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri and constable Sirul Azhar Umar are charged with murder.

All three are on trial together and face the death penalty if convicted.

有张笑脸到没有微笑
律师追问下证人供词自相矛盾

■日期/Jun 21, 2007   ■时间/09:05:56 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/merdekareview薛霏
           
【本刊曾薛霏撰述】“炸尸案”控方第一证人巴拉苏巴马廉(Balasubramaniam)今午在法庭继续审讯时,面对第三被告阿都拉萨巴金德(Abdul Razak Baginda)辩护律师王健强的多番盘问,显得有点招架不住,口供出现自相矛盾的地方。尔后,主控官阿都马吉(Abdul Majid Tun Hamzah)再度盘问证人时询问证人是不是第一次出庭供证;证人说是。

轰动国际的“炸尸案”今日进入第四天审讯,法庭今天继续传召控方第一证人巴拉(右图)供证,在审讯进入下午时段,巴拉供证完毕。控方继续传召第二证人沙里布Shaariibbuu Setev)上庭供证。沙里布乃死者阿尔丹杜雅父亲,是本案四位遭到传召的蒙古藉证人之一。

阿都拉萨究竟有没有微笑?

证人的口供出现矛盾的地方主要在于:巴拉向阿都拉萨询问阿尔丹杜雅的行踪时,阿都拉萨微笑要巴拉猜测的部分。王健强表示,证人说第三被告微笑会对被告带来很大的伤害,所以多番盘问要向他厘清,同时也不断在盘问中,加入“你已经宣誓了”、“你最好说真话”、“你同意吗?”之类的话语。

王健强要证人说出,当他在20061020日中午跟第三被告阿都拉萨在其吉隆坡的办公室会面时,当他询问蒙古女子阿尔丹杜雅被扣押在哪间警局时,阿都拉萨是否有微笑?

王健强说:“第三被告在谈论这么重要的事情,不可能微笑。这是很严重的事,关乎人命,第三被告不可能微笑!”

巴拉回答说:“第三被告有一张笑脸。”

王健强再度追问:“让我来告诉你,第三被告并没有如你所说般微笑。你同意吗?”

巴拉沉默了一阵回答道:“同意。”

由于证人的证词,从原本的阿都拉萨(左图)有微笑,转到巴拉说阿都拉萨拥有一张笑脸,再转到巴拉认同阿都拉萨没有微笑,法官开始感到混淆,并且再度要证人说出,到底阿都拉萨有没有微笑?

在这段期间,法庭中开始有人窃窃私语,巴拉本身也因为这个混淆弄得微笑起来,不过法官马上严厉指令巴拉不要笑,因为此案件事关重大,巴拉的笑脸随即消失。过后,他回答道:“第三被告一面微笑一面要我猜。”

巴拉在周二供证时,告诉法庭阿尔丹杜雅在20061019日被第一被告带走之后,第二天跟阿都拉萨会面时,询问他,阿尔丹杜雅被扣押在哪里,阿都拉萨微笑说出三个地点要他猜,旋即又告诉巴拉,他自己也不知道。【点击:阿都拉萨告诉证人召警抓人 翌日答说不知死者扣押何处】

巴拉今日也告诉法庭,他在111日之前并不知道阿尔丹杜雅被谋杀的消息。他在阿尔丹杜雅被带走之后一直到111日之间,都一直认为阿尔丹杜雅遭到逮捕和扣押。

苏拉斯与蒙古女子有亲密关系

炸尸案”在下午续审的时候,出现了“小高潮”。使法庭昏昏欲睡的公众和媒体清醒过来的“小高潮”出现在王健强盘问证人“是否知道其助手苏拉斯(Suras Kumar)跟三名蒙古女子过过于亲密,而苏拉斯曾跟其中一名蒙古女子在酒店过了一夜?”的时候。

王健强盘问巴拉,第三被告是否曾向他投诉过苏拉斯跟三名蒙古女子的关系亲密?巴拉答有。他进一步问,巴拉是否因为这个阿都拉萨的投诉,而在18日终止苏拉斯的服务?巴拉承认是。王健强问巴拉是否同意苏拉斯跟蒙古女子的关系违反私家侦探的职业操守,巴拉认同。

当王健强进一步盘问他,是否有告诉第三被告,苏拉斯跟三名蒙古女子包括阿尔丹杜雅之中的一位有不可告人的关系(hubungan sulit)?证人不同意。

王健强继续问道:“你是否同意,苏拉斯跟三名蒙古女子的亲密关系导致他在18日被解雇?亲密关系的意思是什么?”

巴拉回答:“我停止苏拉斯的服务是受到第三被告的指示。”

王健强再问:“我只是要问你亲密关系是什么意思?”

巴拉再度重申:“我停止苏拉斯的服务是受到第三被告的指示。”

王健强把问题修改了一下,再问道:“之前是否有任何一个顾客,曾经要求你解雇你的雇员?”

巴拉答:“没有。”

王健强继续说:“我告诉你,第三被告从来没有指示你停掉苏拉斯和另外两名雇员。你同意吗?”

巴拉说:“我不同意。”

王健强再问:“你知道苏拉斯在马来亚酒店订了一间房。同意吗?”

巴拉:“不同意。”

王健强:“我告诉你,巴拉,苏拉斯曾经跟其中三位蒙古女子,包括阿尔丹杜雅中的一位蒙古女子过了一夜,你知道吗?”

巴拉:“不知道。”

当巴拉回答到这里,法官也禁不住问王健强,究竟苏拉斯是跟哪一个蒙古女子,共度一夜,王健强坦言本身也不知道。

沙里布叙述父女俩最后对话
阿尔丹杜雅:我认识了拉萨
■日期/Jun 21, 2007   ■时间/10:22:16 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/本刊曾薛霏
           

【本刊曾薛霏撰述】“炸尸案”死者阿尔丹杜雅父亲沙里布(Shaariibuu Setev)今日供证以后,使这个疑点重重的“炸尸案”,更添扑朔迷离。

法庭今日传召沙里布(左图)为控方第二证人。他在出庭供证时表示,其女儿阿尔丹杜雅告诉在最后一次来马来西亚之前曾经告诉他,她在这里认识了一个人,他的名字叫巴金德(I met a guy, and his name is Baginda.)。

无论如何,后来通译员恩佳尔伽(Enkhjargal Tsetsgee)在重复沙里布的话时,将句子改成:“她有一个重要人物,他的名字叫巴金德”(She has somebody, and his name is Baginda)。

沙里布于上周六(616日)召开记者招待会时,非常肯定地告诉媒体,阿都拉萨和阿尔丹杜雅从未有爱情关系,也从未结过婚。他也再三重申,他的女儿是一名翻译员,并非如早前媒体所报道般,是一名模特儿,更不是一名妓女。【点击:举证揭女儿与阿都拉萨关系 沙里布:她不是妓女模特儿】

沙里布于今日下午,控方第一证人巴拉(Balasubramaniam)供证完毕后,遭传召为证人。他在整个审讯过程中的证词都由恩佳尔伽充当其通译员。

通译员身份惹争议

在法庭接受恩佳尔伽的通译服务之前,第二被告辩护律师再迪(Zaidi Zainal)提出,恩佳尔伽曾经多次陪同沙里布出席记者招待会,由于法庭内没有人听得懂蒙古话,而担心通译员会偏袒。他坦言自己并不是反对,只是希望法官关注此事。不过,第一被告辩护律师因为下午才进来,声称不了解此事;第三被告辩护律师王健强则说:“只要继续审讯,我不反对”。

家属旁听律师也向法官解释,这名通译员是蒙古参赞代表法庭指派的。当时,法官问法庭内是否还有其他人懂得蒙古话,不过并没有人回应。当时曾经在记者招待会上,充当沙里布的翻译员的蒙古国家法律中心研究员巴雅(Bayar Purevdorj)也在法庭内,不过他并没有回应法官的提问。

尔后,法官接受了恩佳尔伽为沙里布的通译员。

询问阿尔丹杜雅来马原因

沙里布也告诉法庭,其长女阿尔丹杜雅未曾结婚,跟两名小孩一起住,以翻译工作为生。

主控官马诺(Manoj Kurup)盘问控方第二位证人沙里布,其女阿尔丹杜雅最后一次来马来西亚时有否有告知他,那时候是几时?沙里布回答说,阿尔丹杜雅在来马前曾致电给他,告诉他,她要来马的消息。沙里布要求女儿,在离开之前见他一面。不过,他并不确定那时候是2006107日或8日。

马诺再问沙里布,两人会面时,他是否询问过阿尔丹杜雅(左图)来马来西亚的原因。

沙里布叙述,他当时询问阿尔丹杜雅:“为什么如此喜欢马来西亚,为什么一直要去哪里?你已经去马来西亚两次了,为什么?你在那里是不是有认识的人?”

沙里布说,阿尔丹杜雅说是。沙里布再进一步问两人的关系。阿尔丹杜雅告诉沙里布,她在这里认识了一个人,他的名字叫巴金德(I met a guy, and his name is Baginda.

不过后来通译员恩佳尔伽在重复沙里布的话时将句子改成:“她有一个重要人物,他的名字叫巴金德”(She has somebody, and his name is Baginda)。

法庭就在此时决定休庭,预计主控官明日会继续盘问沙里布。

APCET II: Dr Nasir and I were stormed by the BN thugs

June 21, 2007
On the “day of trouble”, Dr Nasir and Selvam of PSM and I (then National Secretary of DAPSY) were given the task to look after security. The other DAPSY representative, Lim Ching How, has gone back to his office to attend to an emergency. We were shocked to see so many thugs suddenly appeared outside (they climbed up from the stairways instead of taking the lifts) the conference hall when we were performing our duty.We immediately informed the participants inside about the mob and three of us were trying our best to stop the thugs from braking into the hall. At that point of time, we did not know that these thugs were actually members and supporters of Umno, MIC, MCA (not sure whether there were any Gerakan members). I would not be surprised if some of them were SB officers.The mob (more than 300 of them) managed to bring down the doors after some 10 to 15 minutes. DAPSY chairman Lim Guan Eng and the participants were inside the hall.We were threatened to leave the hall at once but we refused to leave and decided to put our arms together in a circle. That’s when the mob lead by Azman Atar bacame unruly. They broke our ring and brought down Tian Chua (then NGO activist) to the floor.

Dr Nasir managed to call in the police (led by Dang Wangi OCPD Zainal Abidin Ali) only about one hour after the physical tussle. At our insistance, Zainal Abidin ordered the mob to leave the hall. We decided to stay and continue with our meeting despite of repeated warnings issued by the mob. The OCPD also ordered us to leave but he too gave up after failing to persuade us to leave.

When everything was calmed down, Guan Eng needed to leave for Melaka to attend to a demolition exercise and I too left the hall to attend to my recording session at a studio in Petaling Jaya.

When I was on my way back to the hotel, I was informed by Teresa Kok (then DAPSY vice chairperson) that she and several others were arrested. But she was “let go’ together with another participant from Japan at the car park while others were sent to the police station.

A young DAP supporter (son of KL Wong, a lawyer) who was tasked to take care of the computers was taken to the teenager lock-up at the Sungei Besi police station. Cheras MP tan Kok Wai and I visited him in the evening. He was released the next morning. The ladies were all taken to a police station in Wangsa Maju and were locked up for a night. They were transferred to the police station near the Merdeka Stadium for several days together with othe men. Foreign participants were all deported to their respective countries the next day or two.

I remembered both Umno Youth chief and his deputy (Zahid Hamidi and Hishamuddin Hussein) claimed responsibility with “pride” for the incident after they have returned from overseas and Anwar Ibrahim, the then deputy Prime Minister, expressed regrets over the ugly incident. 

DAPSY was later ridiculed by some local participants for “not being arrested with the rest “:-). But that’s truly not our fault. Guan Eng and I left at the time when everything was cooled down. Little did we know that the police would return to the scene and arrest the participants. On the other hand, Teresa Kok could not understand why she and the Japanese participant were ‘let go’ soon after the arrest. 

A few years later, we were delighted to learn that the people of east timor succeeded in their struggle for independence. Timor Leste (total population slighjtly less than 1 million) is now a free and independent nation.

Apcet II: Megat ordered the mob attack

Beh Lih Yi
Jun 21, 07 6:52pm
Malaysiakini
Ex-deputy home minister Megat Junid Megat Ayob had ordered for an Umno Youth-led mob to stop an international conference on East Timor 11 years ago, a key witness in the ‘Apcet II’ suit told the court today.Saifuddin Nasution Ismail, who was then Umno Youth secretary and had led the mob, also had the court in stitches when he revealed he was given a ‘nasi kandar’ treat by the police after the incident.He was the seventh plaintiffs’ witness in the RM83 million civil suit filed by 36 local activists and journalists against the Malaysian government and several police officers for wrongful detention and police negligence.The 43-year-old – who had tendered a public apology over his role in the mob in 2001 – has since joined the Opposition after he was sacked by Umno in 1998. He was also the ex-Lunas state assemblyperson where he contested on the PKR ticket.Megat Junid’s instructionIn his testimony at the Kuala Lumpur High Court this morning, he recalled that the instruction to disrupt the conference was given to him by Megat Junid in a meeting held at the latter’s office.

Also present were Youth leaders from other BN component parties – MCA, MIC and PPP, as well as Umno’s Batu division head Azman Atar and several others whom he could not identify.

“Megat Junid started the meeting by telling us that a group of NGO activists will organise a seminar on East Timor in Kuala Lumpur. He said Malaysia’s stand is that the seminar is not permitted, fearing that we will be seen as interfering into problems in Indonesia,” he told the court.

“Megat Junid asked BN Youth to undertake the responsibility to stop the seminar as he said the government’s stand must be respected. I was asked to lead this task in my capacity as the Umno Youth secretary since the Umno Youth chief and vice-chief were abroad then,” he said.

“Megat Junid said Azman will head another group who will also be there. He said matters related to the police have been arranged and the police will arrive at the seminar hall in 30 minutes, where everything will be settled then.

“He added that a few of us might be arrested in this task,” Saifuddin told the court.

At this juncture, plaintiffs’ counsel Ranjit Singh asked Saifuddin to elaborate on Megat Junid’s instruction.

Ranjit: Did Megat Junid tell you how to stop the conference?

Saifuddin: Megat Junid asked me to mobilise BN Youth members. Secondly, he told me – as the head of the Barisan Bertindak Rakyat Malaysia (BBRM, the mob) – to meet with the Apcet II organisers at the hotel and tell them to stop the conference. Megat Junid said if the organisers refuse, I am to switch off their PA system.

Ranjit: You said “matters related to the police have been arranged”, what does that mean?

Saifuddin: Megat Junid said in carrying out this task, few (BN Youth) members and I will be arrested but he told us not to worry because everything will be over if I can successfully perform the duty.

Judge Wan Adnan Muhamad interjected: So Megat Junid only ordered you to switch off the PA system?

Saifuddin: Yes.

Asked to elaborate on Azman’s role, the witness said the former was known to be “an aggressive person and have a wide networking including those linked to the kaki-kaki pukul (gangsters)”.

Participants unhappy

Continuing his testimony, Saifuddin said on the day of the incident, he and about 300 BN Youth members had gathered at a stadium close to the conference venue at 8am and after he briefed the members, they marched towards the hotel.

He said many other BN Youth members were already present outside the hotel when they arrived and the Federal Reserve Unit personnel were stationed at the hotel entrance.

“As the number of those gathered grew, some of them had already broke through the FRU barrier and went up to the conference venue,” he said, adding that he also followed suit.

“As we arrived in the conference room, the door was closed and some of us tried to open the door. After it was opened, we went inside the room. The dining tables were scattered,” he added.

According to Saifuddin, he and Tajuddin Rahman – who is now Pasir Salak Umno division head – took turns to ask the conference participants to disperse while the police led by Dang Wangi OCPD Zainal Abidin Ali only arrived about an hour later.

“I overheard there were participants who were unhappy with our presence and asked the police to instruct us to leave the conference so that they could proceed with the conference. I objected and told Zainal that we will only leave after the conference is halted and the participants had left.

“Zainal then told me that I was arrested,” he told the court. Apart from him, several other Umno Youth leaders were also arrested.

Asked what happened at the police station, Saifuddin said the police recorded a statement from him but the process was not completed.

“They asked for my name, position and address. As I was telling them what I was doing at the conference venue, another police officer invited me to another room where nasi kandar was served,” he said to the amusement of those present in court.

He was released after the nasi kandar treat. Saifuddin was charged in court later for disrupting the conference. He pleaded guilty and was fined RM1,500.

The hearing was adjourned to Aug 15-16 as the team of federal counsel had requested for another date to cross-examine Saifuddin. The court will also continue with the cross-examination on the sixth witness, R Sivarasa.

Irrelevant questions

Earlier, Senior Federal Counsel Iznan Ishak objected to three questions in Saifuddin’s witness statement explaining why the latter was sacked from Umno in 1998 and his current political involvement.

Justice Wan Adnan upheld Iznan’s arguments that the questions were irrelevant to the case.

On Nov 9, 1996, over 100 people – including 10 journalists – were arrested on the opening day of the Second Asia Pacific Conference on East Timor (Apcet II), held to discuss human rights abuses in East Timor and its struggle for independence from Indonesia.

As the conference was about to begin, 400 members from the Umno Youth-led BBRM, or Malaysia’s People’s Action Front, broke down the doors of the conference halls, threw chairs and verbally and physically abused the participants.

Police then moved in to arrest the participants who were detained between one and six days, while 40 foreign participants were deported.

Online daily malaysiakini chief executive officer Premesh Chandran and editor-in-chief Steven Gan, both then journalists at The Sun, are also among the plaintiffs.

The plaintiffs have named the government, then Inspector General of Police Abdul Rahim Mohd Noor and two senior police officers – then Kuala Lumpur chief police officer Ismail Che Rose and then Dang Wangi OCPD Zainal Abidin Ali – as respondents.

Altantuya demanded 3 air tickets and USD 500,000?

June 20, 2007
Altantuya demanded US$500,000
Jun 19, 07 4:18pm Malaysiakini 
A Mongolian woman demanded half a million dollars from her ex-lover two days before she was murdered, a court was told today.Altantuya Shaariibuu, 28, made the demand after causing a commotion outside the home of Abdul Razak Baginda, 47, who is charged with abetting her murder, a private investigator told the trial of Abdul Razak and two police officers.Prosecutors say that Abdul Razak planned Altantuya’s murder and ordered the two police officers – members of a special unit charged with protecting the country’s leaders – to carry it out.The woman was killed by “probable blast-related” injuries in Shah Alam district southwest of the capital Kuala Lumpur, prosecutors say.Abdul Razak, a political analyst, has vehemently denied any involvement.

All three defendants face the death penalty if convicted.

Causing a commotion

Private investigator P Balasubramaniam, the first prosecution witness called to testify, told the court this morning that Abdul Razak had hired him for RM4,000 to keep Altantuya away from him.

On the opening day of the trial on Monday, prosecutors alleged that Abdul Razak and Altantuya met in 2004 and had a relationship, during which he gave her money.

After they broke up in 2005, he allegedly continued to give her money whenever she demanded. The payments stopped last year, which angered her and prompted her to travel to Malaysia in October, the prosecution said.

Balasubramaniam testified that he began working for Abdul Razak on Oct 13 or 14 last year.

About two days into the job, he saw Altantuya and two other women briefly stop outside Abdul Razak’s home in a taxi, he said.

On Oct 17, he testified, he went to Abdul Razak’s home after he called and said the woman – whom he knew by the name “Aminah” – was outside.

“Aminah was causing a commotion and shouting and she said, ‘Razak, bastard, you come out! I want to speak to you,” the investigator said. Abdul Razak did not emerge from the home.

The investigator said Altantuya had her own private eye, Ang Chong Beng, who was sitting in a car observing the incident.

He said he called police, and a patrol car took him and Altantuya to a police station. She was not arrested, but wanted to file a police report, he said.

“Ang advised her against it. He told her he would talk to me about whatever she wanted from Razak,” Balasubramaniam said.

Money and tickets

At the police station she also told Balasubramaniam she wanted a large amount of money and air tickets to Mongolia, he said.

“Aminah had demanded 500,000 US dollars and three air tickets to Mongolia,” he said.

The investigator did not state why she made the demand but earlier testified Abdul Razak hired him “because the woman has been harassing him for money.”

Balasubramaniam said he called Abdul Razak’s lawyer that night and asked them to file a police report but they declined.

Balasubramaniam told Abdul Razak of her demands the next morning.

“He told me he would discuss with senior police officials that he knew before deciding on the next move,” the investigator testified.

Prosecutors allege that the next day, when Altantuya returned to Abdul Razak’s house, he called police. The two accused officers allegedly took her away, never to be seen alive again.

– AFP

PI: Cops took Altantuya away
Sabrina Chan and Soon Li Tsin
Jun 19, 07 8:48pm
Malaysiakini 

The first prosecution witness told the Shah Alam High Court today that he was present when Mongolian national Altantuya Shaariibuu was taken away by police personnel in a red Proton Wira on Oct 19 last year.

Private investigator P Bala Subramaniam who was employed by political analyst Abdul Razak Baginda said he went to Razak’s residence in Bukit Damansara, Kuala Lumpur, that night.

Altantunya arrived in a taxi alone later.

Bala then contacted Razak and was told that the police are coming to arrest her. He was also instructed to wait and talk to Altantuya until the police arrive.

“She approached me and started telling me about her ‘sad stories’,” he said.

“She told me that her father had died and her mother is suffering from cancer (both claims are not true). She also said that her brother had gambled his apartment in Mongolia away and was now forcing her to ask money from Razak,” he added.  

It was after this that a red Proton Wira showed up but Bala did not tell her they were police personnel, to prevent her from fleeing. However, he later told her that the police personnel were arresting her.

According to him, she sat in the car voluntarily and was taken away by three police personnel, including a woman.

Bala said he met Razak the next day and quizzed him as to where Altantuya was. “Razak smiled and said ‘I don’t know where Altantuya is kept because the police who arrested her did not tell me.’

“He then wished me ‘Happy Deepavali’ and paid me RM2,000 for my services,” added the private investigator.

Bala also said that he suggested to Razak three possibilities where Altantuya may be kept – the Travers police station, the Special Branch lock-up in Jalan Ipoh and another location, which he could not recall.

Caused a commotion 

On another occasion, he said Altantunya showed up at Razak’s house and caused a commotion. She yelled, “Razak, bastard, you come out! I want to speak to you!”

After her disappearance, Bala said two of her Mongolian companions identified as Namiraa Gerelmaa and Uuriintuya Gal Orchir arrived at Razak’s residence on Oct 20 last year with Ang Chong Beng, the private investigator hired by Altantunya.

“They claimed that Altantuya was being held captive in Razak’s house, asked for her release and said they would return to Mongolia,” Bala related.

However, the situation was defused after the police showed up and everybody left the scene soon after.

Prior to this incident, Altantuya had visited Razak’s residence and office several times.

One time, she allegedly followed the police to the Brickfields police station where she revealed to Bala her demands for US$500,000 and three flight tickets back to Mongolia.

Text messages 

It was at this time that Bala met Ang after he had related her claims to the analyst.

Bala then told Razak that he feared for his safety and the safety of his staff because he was worried that Ang would harm them. He also expressed his intention to quit for this reason.

“Razak told me he would contact top police officials that he knew to take the appropriate action,” he said.

Bala was also made to read out text messages between him and Razak, but it was mostly inaudible to the public gallery as he read it out softly.

However, public prosecutor Tun Majid Tun Hamzah pointed out one that read: “A lies too much. The taximan is another victim” and asked Bala to identify who “A” was.

Bala then replied “A” was Altantuya.

In another instance, Bala revealed that he had followed Razak and the analyst’s father Abdullah Malim Baginda to lodge a police report at the Brickfields police station but Bala claimed that he did not know the contents of the report.

Razak, is charged with abetting the murder of Altantuya, 28, between 10pm on Oct 19 and 1am on Oct 20 last year. Her body was blown up in a jungle clearing in Shah Alam, Selangor.
Two police officers, Azilah Hadri, 30, and Sirul Azhar Umar, 35, are charged with the murder. They are members of a special unit that guards top Malaysian leaders, including the prime minister and his deputy.

All three accused face the death penalty if convicted.

The high profile trial is expected to run for a month and to hear testimony from 30 to 40 prosecution witnesses.

The hearing continues tomorrow.

阿都拉萨告诉证人召警抓人
翌日答说不知死者扣押何处
■日期/Jun 19, 2007   ■时间/10:17:41 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/Merdekareview 薛霏
           

【本刊曾薛霏撰述】“炸尸案”控方第一证人巴拉苏巴玛廉(Bala Subramaniam)今天下午供证时透露死者阿尔丹杜雅是在去年10月19日晚上11时过后被警察带走警察到来之前,第三被告阿都拉萨巴金德(Abdul Razak Baginda)告诉巴拉,他已通知警察逮捕阿尔丹杜雅,并要证人拖延她。

不过,巴拉在第二天询问阿都拉萨,阿尔丹杜雅被扣押在哪间警察局,阿都拉萨却笑说自己也不知道。

另外,巴拉也告诉法庭,当阿尔丹杜雅知道开着红色普腾国产车来到阿都拉萨家门的警察是要逮捕时,便自行走到车子后座坐下,过后被载走。

“炸尸案”今在雪州莎亚南高等法院展开第二天审讯。今天,控方再度传召第一证人巴拉出庭供证巴拉是受聘于阿都拉萨,以保护其家人免受阿尔丹杜雅骚扰的私家侦探。巴拉2006年10月9日开始阿都拉萨工作助手苏拉斯(Suras Kumar)分别驻守在阿都拉萨住家和办公室。

巴拉宣称,就他所知,在他阿都拉萨工作期间,阿尔丹杜雅并没有成功见阿都拉萨他认为,他的工作算成功。阿尔丹杜雅在2006年10月8日两名朋友来马,多次希望会见阿都拉萨都不成功

遭红色普腾英雄载走

巴拉今接受主控官阿都马吉Abdul Majid Tun Hamzah盘问时告诉法庭他是在去年11月19日晚上时左右接到阿都拉萨的电话,告知他要外出开斋,并指示巴拉,若阿尔丹杜雅出现在其府邸就发短讯通知他。

晚7时20分,阿尔丹杜雅两名女性朋友乘德士经过阿都拉萨家,德士并没有停在门口。半小时后,阿尔丹杜雅再次单独乘德士来到阿都拉萨府邸,德士停在距离屋子公尺外;然后,阿尔丹杜雅下车朝巴拉走来。

看到阿尔丹杜雅(右图)之后,巴拉即通知阿都拉萨,阿都拉萨要他拖延阿尔丹杜雅,并称警察会前去捉人。就在巴拉拖延阿尔丹杜雅期间,后者叙述了自己的悲惨故事。

巴拉忆述阿尔丹杜雅的故事时说道:“她告诉我,她的父亲过世了,母亲患癌在医院留医;哥哥因赌博输掉他们在蒙古的公寓,还逼她来马向阿都拉萨要钱。她还说,她甚至没钱支付马来亚酒店的房钱。”

过后,警察开着一辆红色普腾英雄(Wira)来了,一名男子下了车,手指着阿尔丹杜雅,询问巴拉:“就是这个女人么?”

巴拉,这名警察随后回车上打电话。阿尔丹杜雅问巴拉,这男子是谁?巴拉骗她说那是阿都拉萨的亲戚。一辆蓝色的国产花蝴蝶(Iswara)汽车经过,司机望向巴拉,然后又开走。适才的警员再度下车告诉巴拉,他要带阿尔丹杜雅巴拉这时才告诉阿尔丹杜雅,这名男子是警察。

阿尔丹杜雅听后,自行走向辆车,坐在汽车后座。车里还有一男一女,女子原本坐在前座,尔后跟坐在后座的男子换位。车子接着就载走了阿尔丹杜雅,但巴拉没有认清那一男一女的样貌。

巴拉后来告知阿都拉萨,阿尔丹杜雅被带走的事,对方只说“好(OK)”。

阿都拉萨说不知道死者被扣押在哪里

10月20日,巴拉下午时至时之间到阿都拉萨位于吉隆坡的办公室见他,询及阿尔丹杜雅被扣押在哪间警察局。阿都拉萨提出三个地点要巴拉猜,不过随即笑说,他本身也不知道。阿都拉萨提的三个地点是Travers路警察局、怡保路政治部扣留所,另一个地点,巴拉声称忘了。

巴拉在19日当天值班至20日早上,过后离开阿都拉萨府邸回家睡觉,他相信在这段期间,阿尔丹杜雅其中一个英语较好的朋友曾联络他,问他阿尔丹杜雅的行踪。他告诉她们阿尔丹杜雅被警方逮捕了。

当天晚上11之后,阿都拉萨致电告诉巴拉,其家门外有两名女子和一名男子在吵闹,要他前来解决此事。在前往阿都拉萨家途中,巴拉已致电给警方当他抵达阿都拉萨家时,看见阿尔丹杜雅的两名女友及阿尔丹杜雅雇用的洪姓私家侦探在门外。

他们大声说阿尔丹杜雅被禁锢在阿都拉萨的家内;她们阿都拉萨释放阿尔丹杜雅,承诺会把阿尔丹杜雅带回蒙古。

警察巡逻车抵达后,又有另一名探员前来因为洪姓私家侦探当天阿尔丹杜雅失踪报案。这位名为费洙(Mohd Faizul)的探员,是来调查阿尔丹杜雅失踪。巴拉告诉费洙,阿尔丹杜雅不在屋内,因为她已在19日遭警方逮捕。

尔后,一名警官致电巴拉,并要求费洙对谈不过,巴拉不知道他们谈什么。过后,费洙洪姓私家侦探说了一些话,所有人便离开阿都拉萨的屋前。

巴拉表示,他是在1022日或23日时再度阿都拉萨碰面,他们相约在白沙罗镇(Pusat Bandar Damansara)的星巴克咖啡馆见面阿都拉萨要巴拉陪同他去吉隆坡十五碑警局报案,但阿都拉萨没告诉巴拉为什么事报案。当时,阿都拉萨的父亲也在场。

来往电话和短讯资料当证据

主控官阿都马吉今也提呈巴拉手机电话和短讯通联记录当证据,通联记录显示他和阿都拉萨来往的短讯和电话,以及一个巴拉觉得“可能”是阿尔丹杜雅电话的号码。

在10月20日凌晨12左右,阿都拉萨发了一短讯给巴拉指:“A说了太多谎。”

主控官继续询问巴拉,阿都拉萨所指的“A”是谁巴拉回答说,“A是指阿尔丹杜雅。”

由于时间已至下午5时10分,主控官要求休庭;法官较后宣布,案明日早上9时15分再审。

今日的审讯相当顺利,也没有出现昨日那样的人潮。第三被告阿都拉萨的妻女、兄弟姐妹和父母都有出席为阿都拉萨打气;另外,第一被告首席警长阿兹拉哈德里的家人也低调出席聆讯。巴拉今天早上向法院供证说,死者阿尔丹杜雅曾在去年10月17日晚上向被控唆使谋杀的阿都拉萨巴金德索取50万美元(大约马币175万元)及三张飞回蒙古的机票。【点击:死者索取50万美元及三张机票 被告要和高层警官讨论再决定】点击:炸尸案疑云系列报道

Pray for justice for Altantuya

June 19, 2007
I feel somewhat relieved when I was informed that the charges against Razak Baginda was not dropped as predicted by some quarters before the trial begins today. We Malaysians were shamed by the murder of Altantuya Shariibuu and we need to restore our name by following through a professional and fair trial in order to bring the real killer (s) and murderer (s) to justice.Yes, the whole world is watching. And justice must not only be done but seen to be done. Let’s pray for justice for Altantuya.

Abdul Razak sought lover’s death: DPP

Jun 18, 07 3:19pm Malaysiakini 
Political analyst Abdul Razak Baginda ordered the killing of his former Mongolian lover, a prosecutor said in his opening statements at a politically charged murder trial today.

Abdul Razak, 47, is charged with abetting the murder of Altantuya Shaariibuu, 28, in a slaying that stunned Malaysia.

Lead prosecutor Tun Majid Tun Hamzah told the High Court that Abdul Razak abetted two accused police officers “in planning and giving instructions so that the deceased is killed.”

Tun Majid said the policemen, Azilah Hadri, 30, and Sirul Azhar Umar, 35, “carried out the killing,” and told the court a confession from Sirul would be among the evidence presented.

He said Altantuya had written a note to Abdul Razak (photo) in which she threatened his child if he refused to help her financially.

Prosecutors also intend to prove that a car owned by Azilah was used to take Altantuya to the murder scene in Shah Alam district southwest of the capital Kuala Lumpur, Tun Majid said.

“The prosecution will prove the cause of death was ‘probable blast-related injuries’ as is proven in a medical report by pathologists,” he said.

A pair of blood-stained slippers were found in a car belonging to Sirul, and DNA testing confirmed the blood was from Altantuya, he said.

A pathologists’ report will prove “the cause of death was ‘probable blast-related injuries’,” he added.

In an eight-page statement opening the trial, Tun Majid said Abdul Razak and Altantuya met in 2004 and had a relationship, during which he gave her money.

After they broke up in 2005, he continued to give her money whenever she demanded, until last year, the prosecution alleged.

Tun Majid said she was dissatisfied and hired a private investigator to find his home. He said she came to Malaysia herself last October, and left notes demanding cash and asking to meet him.

All three accused face the death penalty if convicted.

Abdul Razak has vehemently denied any involvement in the case.

– AFP

Witness: ‘Aminah’ visited Razak
Soon Li Tsin
Jun 18, 07 7:30pm
Malaysiakini
The private investigator hired by Abdul Razak Baginda said a Mongolian national named Aminah visited the political analyst at his office on Oct 9 last year. V Bala Subramaniam, 47, said this in the Shah Alam High Court as the trial of three people accused in the murder of Mongolian national Altantuya Shaariibuu began today before judge Mohd Zaki Md Yasin.Bala said three Mongolians had attempted to see Razak, 47, at his Malaysian Strategic Research Centre (MSRC) office on the 10th floor of Bangunan Getah Asli in Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur.

“I received a call from Razak that (they) were at his office and he told me go over as soon as possible. I was in my house at that time, so I sent my assistant (K Suras Kumar),” he said.

“When I got there, the secretary said the three had left so the two of us followed them. Suras went to speak to them outside the lobby and asked for a lighter. I stayed near the stairs to observe them.”

He said he knew that one of them was the person about whom Razak had spoken to him.

“When I saw them, I was sure that all three were Mongolian but I wasn’t sure which one was the one threatening Razak,” he explained.

Bala, formerly a Special Branch officer, said he rang the police and two officers – Zul Husnee Isa and V Pallaniandy – showed up and that he asked the latter for information on the trio.

“Pallaniandy told me that one of them was named Aminah and that she had said her husband was the executive director of this building.”

(At the time, Razak was the executive director of strategic think tank, MSRC.)

Bala also noted that the three travelled in a Honda Accord driven by a man who looked Chinese.

The Mongolians lingered on the ground floor of the building after the police left, so Bala phoned Razak to tell him to leave the building by the back entrance.

“I later called Razak again to tell him that the three had left. Suras and I left after that,” he said.

‘Threatening phone calls’

Earlier, deputy public prosecutor Tun Majid Tun Hamzah asked Bala specifically why he had been hired after the court heard that he had met Razak for over an hour at his office to discuss his task.

“Razak hired me to keep this Mongolian woman, who had been threatening him, away from him. My job was to stop her from meeting Razak. He told me she had been threatening him for money,” he told the packed courtroom.

Bala said he was paid RM4,000 for his services which were to end when the Mongolian returned home. He said he has been a private investigator for nine years.

However, he said Razak had told him that he was receiving threats from a policeman who spoke with a Chinese accent.

“I told him to make a police report but he said he would consult his family lawyer first before deciding (on this),” he said.

He also said Razak told him that he had a recording of a phone conversation with the policeman.

However Bala said he could not remember the details of the threat as this was not part of the task that he was paid to do.

Razak, is charged with abetting the murder of Altantuya, 28, between 10pm on Oct 19 and 1am on Oct 20 last year. Her body was blown up in a jungle clearing in Shah Alam, Selangor.

Two police officers, Azilah Hadri, 30, and Sirul Azhar Umar, 35, are charged with the murder. They are members of a special unit that guards top Malaysian leaders, including the prime minister and his deputy.

All three accused face the death penalty if convicted.

The high profile trial is expected to run for a month and to hear testimony from 30 to 40 prosecution witnesses.

The hearing continues tomorrow.

次被告车里搜获染血拖鞋
主控官:血迹乃死者所有
■日期/Jun 18, 2007   ■时间/07:53:18 pm
■新闻/家国风云   ■作者/本刊潘宏文
           

【本刊潘宏文撰述】“炸尸案”主控官阿都马吉Abdul Majid Tun Hamzah)告诉高等法院,控方有证据证明,政治分析家阿都拉萨巴金德(Abdul Razak Baginda)及两名警务人员合谋策划在去年1019日炸死蒙古藉女子阿尔丹杜雅。

“炸尸案”今天下午在雪兰莪州莎亚南高等法院审讯,主控官阿都马吉(右图)做开庭陈词时说,控方将凭证人的证词、闭路电视影片及电话通联记录证明,阿尔丹杜雅当晚被带离阿都拉萨巴金德的住家后发生了什么事。

炸尸案死者是28岁的阿尔丹杜雅(Altantuya Shaaribuu),副首相兼国防部长纳吉的保镖――首席警长阿兹拉哈德里及警员西鲁阿兹哈乌玛――被控在去年1019日晚上及1020日在雪兰莪武吉拉惹(Mukim Bukit Raja)的森林地带谋杀蒙古籍女子阿尔丹杜雅莎莉布,而纳吉的幕僚、马来西亚策略研究中心(Malaysian Strategic Research Centre执行董事阿都拉萨巴金德则被控在去年1018日上午945分至115分之间,在吉隆坡安邦路Bangunan Getah Asli十楼,教唆阿兹拉哈德里西鲁阿兹哈乌玛谋杀阿尔丹杜雅杜雅莎莉布

阿都马吉也说,控方将举证证明,首被告阿兹拉哈德里是亲自指出炸尸地点,而第二被告西鲁阿兹哈乌玛则是最后一个被人见到和死者在一起的人。控方将证明,阿兹拉和西鲁将死者带到案发现场,并用爆炸物将她炸死。

次被告车里搜获染血迹拖鞋

他透露,警方从西鲁阿兹哈那里搜到一些属于死者的物件;控方会证明,证人及脱氧核糖核酸(DNA)测试证实那些物件属于死者所有。

阿都马吉也说警方也在次被告西鲁阿兹哈的车里搜获一双沾有血迹的拖鞋;化学部的脱氧核糖核酸分析证实,拖鞋上的血迹是死者阿尔丹杜雅(左图)的血迹。

“证据将显示,死因是病理学家报告所说的‘可能和爆炸有关的伤害’造成。”

控方也将证明,死者曾在去年1019日晚上告诉她的朋友,如果她在二至三小时后没有回到酒店,她们就得去报警。

阿都马吉说,死者失踪前八小时,曾向警方报案说遭到威胁。

“炸尸案”今天上午开庭时,死者家属的旁听律师卡巴星以法官和第一被告的辩护律师有亲戚关系的理由,向法院申请承审法官退出审理此案;虽然控方及第二被告的辩护律师都不反对,但承审法官莫哈末查基(Mohd Zaki Md Yassin)驳回了卡巴星的申请。【点击:卡巴星申请换法官不果炸尸案今午传第一证人】

Another year of house arrest for Aung Sun Suu Kyi

May 26, 2007

It’s too late and too little as far as support and solidarity from the world is concerned. Little wonder the Burmese junta again ignored the international call for the release of democracy icon Aung Sun Suu Kyi.

The junta, just like any other dictatorship in the world, would not respond positively unless and until the world really mount much greater pressure. It appears that the junta would put the national hero under house arrest forever if the world’s action stops at memorandum and economic sanctions.

ASEAN should have done more for the release of Suu Kyi. But the organisation can only do little or nothing as long as they stick to its so-called principles, such as ‘constructive engagement’ and ‘non-intervention in member state’s internal affairs’. (Myanmar is a member state of ASEAN)

The world community should make a stand through the United Nations, giving an ultimatum to the junta for the release of Aung Sun Suu Kyi. Give the junta a deadline or else millitary force would be used to set her free. The UN sec gen Ban Ki Moon should take the lead.

One more year of house arrest for Suu Kyi
May 26, 07 11:26am Malaysiakini 
Burma’s political icon Aung San Suu Kyi has her house arrest extended for another year by the country’s military leaders, ignoring international calls for her freedom. Police sources told AFP that officials visited the Nobel Peace Prize winner at her lakeside home in Rangoon to inform her, they said. “We issued an order of further detention,” one source said.Another police source confirmed her latest period of detention, which started in May 2003 and was set to expire this weekend, was extended by a year.

“We informed her about the extension,” said the source, who was among the officials who visited Aung San Suu Kyi.

A Western diplomat in Rangoon also said the democracy leader’s house arrest was extended “by one year without surprise.” The decision attracted condemnation from the international community, with the United States leading the criticism.

17 years under house arrest

Aung San Suu Kyi, 61, has spent most of the past 17 years under house arrest and has little contact with the outside world, apart from her live-in maid and visits from her doctor.

The last time the opposition leader – the only Nobel peace laureate in detention – was able to leave her house was November 2006, when the junta allowed her to meet visiting UN envoy Ibrahim Gambari for one hour.

The extension was widely expected, with observers saying the junta is fearful the hugely popular democracy leader could threaten its rule.

Aung San Suu Kyi’s opposition National League for Democracy (NLD), which won a landslide victory in 1990 elections but was never allowed to govern, quickly denounced the extension.

“Our government totally ignored domestic and international calls demanding her freedom,” said Myint Thein, an NLD spokesman.

“We are very disappointed by this. Her detention is not good for the country,” he said. Political figures from across the world have ramped up calls for her release, with ex-US president Bill Clinton and 58 other former world leaders sending a joint letter last week to junta head General Than Shwe.

Two other Nobel peace laureates – former US president Jimmy Carter and former South Korean president Kim Dae-Jung – were among those who signed the appeal.

Citing Burma’s rights violations, including Aung San Suu Kyi’s detention, the United States last week renewed sanctions against the regime for another year, as did the European Union in April.

‘Detention must end’

“The United States condemns the generals of the State Peace and Development Council of Burma for the extension of the house arrest of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi,” said White House national security spokesman Gordon Johndroe.

“The regime’s unjustified continued detention of Aung San Suu Kyi and repression of other democratic activists must end,” he added. UN chief Ban Ki-moon also expressed concern.

“The secretary general deeply regrets the decision,” Ban’s spokeswoman Michel Montas said in a statement.

“He strongly believes that the sooner restrictions on Aung San Suu Kyi and other political figures are lifted, the sooner Myanmar will be able to move toward inclusive national reconciliation, the restoration of democracy and full respect for human rights.”

In the past week the junta has detained at least 60 pro-democracy activists as they went to pagodas to pray for Aung San Suu Kyi’s release, and 45 people, mostly NLD members, still remain in custody.

The United Nations has estimated there are 1,100 political prisoners in the country which has been ruled by the military since 1962.

– AFP

Congratulations! Yang Mulia Raja Petra

May 18, 2007

Top 20 Asian progressives

Who are the modernisers and reformers steering the region towards good business practice, transparency and management excellence?

Michael Backman
World Business

Other publications list Asia’s most influential, or its most powerful or richest, but World Business is more forward-looking than that. We have spotlighted the individuals driving Asia forward – those that are helping to bring about rules-based civil societies, or who are advancing the cause of better governance, be it in business or government. One of the greatest guarantees of freedom is the free-flow of information, debate and commentary, and so our list includes several who are integral to promoting debate where governments of the region seek to restrict it. Included are several prominent bloggers who risk their livelihoods to bring to the people of Asia commentary and opinion that is a matter of course in the West.

We have included some of the region’s prominent businesspeople, notable not only for their forward-looking approach but also for their philanthropy, which remains essential in Asia where governments for the most part lack sufficient resources to do all that should be done to take care of society’s most vulnerable. And there are some prominent legislators: Asia is home to some of the world’s most repressive regimes, but others, such as Vietnam’s current leadership, have shown a preparedness to ditch ideology in favour of improving their people’s welfare.

Some of the names will invite controversy: as administrator of Tibet, Hu Jintao was responsible for a crackdown in 1989 that saw hundreds of Tibetan protestors killed; Malaysia’s former prime minister Mahathir Mohamad did not use his period of power to introduce greater transparency in government tendering or stamp out corruption in Malaysia’s police force; and Pushpa Kamal Dahal, better known as Prachanda, leader of the Maoists in Nepal, led a bloody decade-long war against the Nepalese government. But it is our contention that these individuals are now helping to reform Asia, so that in future the region’s citizens will enjoy greater freedoms than in the past.

1. HU JINTAO, CHINA

Hu Jintao is the eighth General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, and China’s paramount leader and president. The general rule of thumb has become that each new Chinese leader is less hard-line than the last and Hu bears this out. He succeeded Jiang Zemin in 2002 and to date has shown himself to be cosmopolitan, worldly and technocratic. He speaks relatively unaccented Mandarin, unlike most of his predecessors, underlining his urbane image.

Hu rose through China’s construction ministry, became involved in the Communist party and was introduced to a series of mentors who recognised his talent. He was appointed party chief of the Tibet Autonomous Region in 1988, where he took a hard-line politically, instigating a crackdown in 1989 that saw the deaths of several hundred Tibetan activists. But at the same time, he liberalised cultural activities. This apparently paradoxical approach sums up his style: protect the Chinese state at all costs, but increase personal freedoms.

Since becoming president, one of Hu’s priorities has been the development of China’s poorer inner provinces to ensure a better distribution of the country’s economic advancement. Transparency in government decision-making has also increased – China’s news agency now publishes Politburo standing committee meeting details, and foreign journalists enjoy unprecedented access. Emphasis on GDP growth has lessened; instead, there is more concern with the quality of growth.

China’s foreign policy, particularly its cultivation of links with African and South American states, illustrates that under Hu, China is becoming more of a commercial player on the world stage and less of a political strategist for its own sake.

2. RAJA PETRA KAMARUDIN, MALAYSIA

Though more robust than that of Singapore, Malaysia’s media is nonetheless tame. All significant media outlets are sympathetic to the government, there is little investigative journalism and discussion of many issues is discouraged. The newspapers focus endlessly on crime and lifestyle issues, and Malaysians tend to buy them for their job ads and to find out what’s showing at the cinema. Increasingly, the serious reporting and commentary is done by bloggers, of which Raja Petra Kamarudin’s http://www.malaysia-today.net is the best.

Petra, a nephew of a former king of Malaysia, founded Malaysia-today in 2004 and works on it full time. The site now gets an astonishing 1.8 million hits on an average day, making it much more popular than any Malaysian newspaper. Malaysia-today plays an enormously important role in its attempts to keep the government accountable. It reports on ministers’ many business interests, nepotism and just about anything else that the government would prefer to keep quiet. Petra uses the site to denounce money politics, corruption and Malaysia’s endless fascination with race and race-based politics. A popular, ongoing series is the Khairy Chronicles, which provides an account of the doings of the prime minister’s young, unelected, but highly influential son-in-law.

Many reports have been made against Petra to the police, agents from Malaysia’s Special Branch have questioned him on several occasions and his computers have been seized. Recently, he reported how the government intended to use a nominee company to borrow $50 billion, in order to avoid recording the loan as government borrowing. He has also reported on a particularly grisly murder that appeared to implicate senior government figures.

3. LOU JIWEI, CHINA

Lou Jiwei has been appointed to head the investment agency that will manage $200 billion of China’s $1 trillion in foreign exchange reserves, which have accrued from inwards foreign investment and export earnings. Finance minister Jin Renqing said in March that the new agency will use “international best practices” and that “we will try to maximise profits and returns on our management of foreign exchange, guided by the principles of safety and risk management”. The agency will model itself on the Singapore government’s Temasek Holdings, but will be twice its size.

Educated and cosmopolitan, Lou’s reputation as a moderniser precedes his appointment to the agency. He has been at the forefront of reforming China’s economy for more than two decades and is a well-regarded technocrat. He spearheaded the reform of China’s financial services industry during his seven-year term as vice-minister of finance. A protege of the reformist premier Zhu Rongji, Lou was pivotal in redesigning China’s tax system and drawing up plans for a domestic bond market as the deputy head of the Shanghai Commission for Economic Regulation.

A computer programmer turned economist, he has always been a low-key policy specialist and perhaps represents the best hope for China’s troubled Communist party. As the party’s devotion to Marxist and Maoist ideology has waned, talent in running China’s increasingly sophisticated economy has become more important. Unlike many of his colleagues, Lou did not join the rallies in Shanghai’s People’s Park in 1989 in support of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations. He prefers to use more official channels and consequently has been one of China’s most effective reformers.

4. NARAYANA MURTHY, INDIA

Narayana Murthy founded global consulting and IT services giant Infosys Technologies in 1981. He and a handful of other software engineers, who saw IT outsourcing’s potential, have almost single-handedly changed how the world thinks about India. In the space of one generation, the popular perception has changed from one of chronic poverty and over-population to one of technical sophistication and a country on the move. Of course, the reality lies somewhere in between, but this change in perception has been more important within India than outside, giving Indians a new confidence. Importantly, it has shown that India can compete on the world economic stage in a sector not assisted by government or hidden behind tariffs.

Murthy served as Infosys chairman for 20 years until 2002, and as executive chairman of the board and chief mentor from 2002 to 2006. The company expects revenues of more than $3 billion this year. He has been prominent in the fight in India for better corporate governance and was appointed chairman of the Securities & Exchange Board of India’s Committee on Corporate Governance in 2003,

He is a member of the advisory board of Harvard Business School’s Corporate Governance initiative. He is also on the board of directors of INSEAD and is an independent director of DBS, Singapore’s largest bank. In March, he became chairman of the Asia Business Council, and he joins Unilever’s board this month as a non-executive director. He has been the recipient of numerous awards and honours, and in December 2005 was voted the seventh most admired CEO/chairman in a global study by the Economist Intelligence Unit. In March, he denied that he was interested in running for the presidency of India.

5. NGUYEN TAN DUNG, VIETNAM

Nguyen Tan Dung was appointed prime minister of Vietnam in June 2006 after the retirement of his predecessor, Phan Van Khai. At 57, he is the first Vietnamese communist leader to be born after the August Revolution in 1945 and is Vietnam’s youngest prime minister. Like Khai, he is a reformer and a moderniser; he was appointed to carry on the economic reforms that have seen the economy grow at about 7% a year and permitted the country’s admission to the WTO in 2006.

Dung is a technocrat and is economically literate, but he is not the only moderniser in the government. Nguyen Minh Triet, who was appointed president when Dung was appointed prime minister, is also a reformer. And the third member of the power triumvirate, communist party chief Nong Duc Manh, is another keen moderniser with a strong preference for privatising state-owned assets.

Dung was appointed one of five deputy prime ministers in 1997; a year later he was also made governor of Vietnam’s central bank, the State Bank of Vietnam, where he pushed forward monetary reform and bank mergers, thus giving the country’s financial system a more stable foundation. On becoming prime minister, he nominated fighting corruption and developing the Vietnamese economy in a sustainable way as two of his priorities. On one of his first overseas trips as prime minister, Dung met the Pope at the Vatican in January, the first Vietnamese leader to do so.

Dung is overseeing Vietnam’s progress from a communist state to a more market-oriented country that is an active and mature participant on the world stage. He is firmly committed to carrying on the legacy of his recent predecessors – that of further openness and economic freedom.

6. MUHAMMAD YUNUS, BANGLADESH

Born in 1940, Muhammad Yunus is the founder of Grameen Bank, which provides micro-credit loans to poor, would-be entrepreneurs who would otherwise be denied credit by the formal banking system. For his efforts, he and the bank were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006. Yunus is also the recipient of the Ramon Magsaysay Award, the World Food Prize and the Sydney Peace Prize.

Yunus graduated in economics from Dhaka University, later obtaining a PhD in economics from Vanderbilt University. He first became interested in what later became known as micro-credit during the 1974 Bangladesh famine. His first loan – from his own pocket – was for $27 to a woman who made bamboo furniture. He soon realised that very small loans could make a big difference to poor people who want to start or expand a small business.

In 1976, the Grameen Bank started to make loans to poor Bangladeshis. It has since lent more than $5.1 billion to 5.3 million borrowers. More than 96% of loans are to women: they are more impoverished and have also proven to be more diligent repayers than men. Repayment is encouraged by lending to informal groups whose members act as co-guarantors. The success of the Grameen model has inspired similar efforts throughout the developing world and there are now micro-credit institutions in more than 23 countries.

Yunus announced in February that public pressure to intervene in Bangladesh’s violent and complex political arena had forced his decision to set up a new political party. The country has been ruled by a military-backed administration since 11 January, when the president declared a state of emergency and cancelled parliamentary elections.

7. MAHATHIR MOHAMAD, MALAYSIA

Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysia’s prime minister from 1981 to 2003, was perhaps Asia’s most misunderstood leader. Mahathir had plenty of critics, but the country’s impressive development under his stewardship is undeniable. Also undeniable is his popularity among Malaysia’s minority ethnic groups, particularly the Chinese, who comprise about 30% of the population. Mahathir managed to persuade different ethnic groups to think of themselves as Malaysians, despite economic and education policies that favoured the majority Malay population at the expense of the commercially successful Chinese minority.

These policies helped to break the nexus between great wealth and (Chinese) ethnicity, thus making the Chinese less of a target politically in the event of unrest. Mahathir also kept a lid on Islamic fundamentalism, showing not just Malaysia but much of the Islamic world that economic progress and Islam can go hand in hand. Under Mahathir, the media and the judiciary lacked independence, but Malaysians enjoy far more political freedoms than the citizens of neighbouring Singapore.

Mahathir resigned as prime minister while still popular and at a time of his choosing. In retirement, he has emerged as a loud critic of the new administration, bringing to Malaysia a level of public debate that few would have thought possible. His regular interventions on policy issues have almost given Malaysia the strong opposition voice that it has not previously had.

He has attacked the government for not doing enough to tackle the widespread corruption, and has criticised the concessions given to foreign firms that invest in an economic zone in southern Malaysia. Even out of office, Mahathir continues to modernise his country.

8. LI KA SHING, HONG KONG

Sir Li Ka Shing has broken the mould. When most ethnic Chinese become big in business, it usually means they simply become even bigger traders of goods. But not Li. An immigrant from mainland China, he had his start making and selling plastic flowers. As he became more successful, he moved increasingly into providing services, albeit with infrastructure development – specifically, providing port services in Hong Kong, mainland China, India and elsewhere, and more recently becoming a worldwide force in telecommunications services.

By moving beyond the old cultural stereotype, Li has transformed his group of companies into one of Asia’s first home-grown genuine multinationals. He is admired around the world rather than merely in Hong Kong as an astute investor, and along the way has made himself the world’s ninth richest individual, with an estimated fortune of $23 billion. But he does not lead an extravagant lifestyle: the main indicator of his wealth and status is that he’s rarely seen without a large contingent of bodyguards.

Cheung Kong Holdings emerged in the early 1970s; today, the group operates in 54 countries and employs 220,000 people. In 1979, Li acquired Hutchison Whampoa, which became the vehicle for his electricity generation, ports and telecommunications interests. Li was an early investor in telecoms group Orange, before selling out to Germany’s Mannesmann Group in 2001 for a profit of more than $15 billion. In January 2007 Hutchison agreed to sell its 67% stake in Indian mobile phone operator Hutchison Essar to Vodafone for $9 billion.

Li has established the Li Ka Shing Foundation for charitable works and is a major donor to education and healthcare – he is believed to have given away more than $1 billion to date.

9. JAIME AUGUSTO ZOBEL DE AYALA, PHILIPPINES

Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala is the head of the influential Ayala Group, one of the Philippines’ biggest business groups. Zobel studied economics at Harvard and has an MBA from Harvard. He is an intellectual, has a truly global outlook and is a strong promoter of the principles of corporate governance in a country that sorely needs them.

Ayala has interests in real estate, water supply, automobile distribution, banking and food production, and has a reputation for being prudent and conservative. Zobel serves as chairman of the family holding company, Ayala Corporation, the group’s mobile telephone operator Globe Telecom and the Bank of the Philippine Islands. He is also co-vice chairman of the Ayala Foundation, a leading corporate donor in the Philippines. The foundation has a US-based arm that encourages Filipinos to contribute to social development programmes in the Philippines.

The family’s sound management practice is exemplary by Asian standards. It does not have private business interests that run parallel with its listed companies, and so it is free of the conflicts of interests that bedevil many Asian family-controlled conglomerates. All Ayala businesses are listed or belong to a parent company that is.

The family is of Spanish descent, but under Zobel it has moved to open its management ranks to Filipinos of any ethnicity. Family members are involved in the group’s management only if they have the requisite professional skills. The group has raised its accounting practices to international standards, ahead of that mandated by the Securities & Exchange Commission and the Philippine GAAP.

10. SYED MOKHTAR AL-BUKHARY, MALAYSIA

Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary has built himself up from almost nothing to be one of Malaysia’s richest men. He has developed port facilities and an airport in southern Malaysia, as well as amassing interests in property, hotels, power stations, rubber plantations, banking, retailing and construction. His companies are run by professional managers throughout, rather than family members.

He dislikes publicity and is remarkable by Malaysian corporate standards in not using his shareholders’ money to buy a corporate jet, a helicopter or a fleet of Mercedes-Benz. He has no interest in personal aggrandisement. Instead, his great passion is his charitable foundation, the Al-Bukhary Foundation, into which he has poured millions to build mosques, schools and hospitals. The foundation has also built, stocked and runs the Islamic Art Museum in Kuala Lumpur, a world-class institution that puts Malaysia’s National Museum to shame. A modern Muslim, he does not believe that women should cover their heads or faces and feels that Islam should return to what it was once known for: commerce and the arts.

In late 2006, his MMC Corporation, together with a local partner, won an extraordinary $30 billion infrastructure deal in Saudi Arabia to develop a new industrial and commercial city. It’s a huge undertaking for any company, let alone a Malaysian one, and it represents how Al-Bukhary likes to do business. He is a strong promoter of Muslim cross-border investment and trading ties, in the same way that other commercial ethnic groups trade across borders.

Al-Bukhary is a breath of fresh air for corporate Malaysia and an inspiration to Muslims everywhere.

11. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO, INDONESIA

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was elected president of Indonesia in 2004. To some, his presidency has been disappointing, but then it could barely be anything else. Indonesia’s problems are so enormous and intractable that the job is near-impossible. So why is Yudhoyono one of Asia’s top progressives? Largely because of what he’s not: he is not corrupt, prone to nepotism, administratively incompetent or an obsessive nationalist.

He has enormous personal integrity and has done a remarkable job in balancing Indonesia’s many conflicting interests in this the world’s largest Islamic country, but also one of its most ethnically diverse. A retired general, he is Indonesia’s sixth president but the first to have been elected directly by voters. He is an English speaker, in contrast with his immediate predecessor Megawati Soekarnoputri, a Jakarta housewife whose only political attribute was that her father had been president. Unlike other senior politicians’ children, Yudhoyono’s two sons are not in business. Each of ex-president Soeharto’s six children started one or more conglomerates, all dependent on government favours and concessions.

Yudhoyono earned a reputation as one of the army’s pro-reform officers in the last days of Soeharto’s regime. In the aftermath of Soeharto’s fall in 1998, Yudhoyono talked publicly about his ideas for reforming the role of the military and Indonesia more generally. His popularity rose, and he was made co-ordinating minister for politics and security. One of his first tasks was to remove the army from political life.

Yudhoyono’s time as president has been plagued by natural disasters, including the 2004 tsunami. Nonetheless, he has negotiated a peace settlement with rebels in the province of Aceh, and cut fuel subsidies twice in 2005.

12. RATAN TATA, INDIA

Ratan Tata is India’s most progressive businessman on several counts: he has expanded a family business into a well-run international conglomerate and has done so largely on behalf of charity – the principal owners of the Tata Group are a series of charities. The family’s activities (it has given millions to research, environment projects and schools), like those of the rest of India’s small Parsee community of which Tata is a member, have made it well-liked and admired, despite its wealth and ethnic minority status. The Parsees provide a valuable lesson to other rich business minorities on how to avoid persecution from an envious majority.

Tata joined the family business after graduating in architecture and structural engineering from Cornell University in 1962. In 1991, he took over as group chairman, ushering in a period of management rationalisation and greater investment in core activities that have allowed the group to expand to its current size – Tata Group has the largest capitalisation on the Mumbai stock exchange. The group bought Tetley Tea in 2000 for $421 million, the truck division of South Korea’s Daewoo for $102 million in 2004 and, in January, Europe’s Corus steel-making group for a massive $11.3 billion. Under Tata, the group has been at the forefront of India’s push to become the world’s biggest exporter of IT services.

Tata is on the board of India’s central bank and is a member of the Prime Minister’s Council on Trade and Industry. Among his other public and charitable roles, he also serves on the programme board of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s India AIDS initiative. Tata has shown India that its companies can be world class, and he is arguably the country’s most important philanthropist.

13. WARREN LICHTENSTEIN, JAPAN/KOREA

A US citizen, Warren Lichtenstein is an activist investor and founder of Steel Partners, a New York-based hedge fund. The fund has stakes in more than 100 companies in the US, Japan and Korea. Lichtenstein is a demanding minority investor, who exercises shareholder rights to enforce disclosure and accountability from the companies in which he invests. Accordingly, he has been something of a shock to corporate Japan and Korea, in which minority shareholders are expected to know their place.

In Japan, many listed companies hold their AGMs on the same day to limit the number of meetings that investors in multiple companies can attend. Many companies have little interest in shareholder value and build up huge cash piles with no intention of returning funds to shareholders. This, and other sluggish practices, damages the reputation of the stock market and hinders the flow of new capital.

Lichtenstein targets cash-rich firms with market capitalisations well below net asset values, builds up a stake in them and then threatens a takeover unless they return their cash to shareholders. His targeting of several Japanese companies in 2003 impelled the boards of dozens of unrelated Japanese companies to pre-emptively increase their dividend payouts. In Korea, Lichtenstein teamed up with fellow fund manager Carl Icahn to launch a hostile takeover bid for South Korea’s biggest tobacco company, KT&G. Hostile takeovers are almost unheard of in Korea and the move created an uproar, but KT&G agreed to return $2.9 billion to shareholders.

Lichtenstein’s method of doing business has made him immensely wealthy, but he has also dramatically changed the behaviour of Japanese and Korean companies.

14. MAHESH, AJAY AND SHARAD AMALEAN, SRI LANKA

A Sri Lankan-based intimate apparel maker, the three Amalean brothers founded MAS Holdings in 1986. It is the largest supplier to Victoria’s Secret and other customers include Gap, Marks & Spencer, Tesco and Reebok. In March 2007, MAS announced plans to launch its own brand this August.

The company has 17 plants in eight countries and 35,000 employees. But what’s remarkable about it is its home-grown corporate social responsibility (CSR) programme. Women comprise more than 90% of MAS’ employees and so the company established the Women Go Beyond programme to educate and empower its employees. A beauty, health and hygiene certificate is offered, and there are classes on reproductive health, domestic violence and traditional crafts. Nearby schools and hospitals are funded and scholarships are awarded.

MAS set up its plants in rural locations near villages so that women would not have to leave their families to find work, and all employees must be aged at least 18 (in contrast, Chinese factories can take on employees as young as 14). The company also invests in developing clear career paths: its Ready to Unleash programme aims to guide graduates into the company and on to management levels.

MAS has faced intense competition from China. The international Multi-Fibre Agreement, which ended in 2005, ensured that at least some of the West’s clothing and textiles were sourced from smaller developing countries. Since then, the Amaleans have shown that it is possible to compete with sweatshops in China by emphasising their CSR programme, which has made MAS a more attractive source for retailers with ethical buying policies.

15. JARUVAN MAINTAKA, THAILAND

Born in 1947, Jaruvan Maintak is Thailand’s auditor general and an iconic figure. A Catholic convert, she graduated from Thailand’s Chulalongkorn University and later completed an MBA at Michigan State University. She joined the office of the auditor general and in 2001 was appointed by the Thai Senate to be the auditor general. The manner of the appointment was controversial, however, and she did not appear to be then prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra’s first choice for the position.

Jaruvan embarked on a series of investigations that embarrassed the government and a legal challenge was made to her appointment, which was upheld. Many interpreted this move as an attempt to silence her rather than concerns about due process. She refused to step down, saying she would do so only if the king assented. The king withheld his assent, thus embarrassing Thaksin and his government.

The military coup in September 2006, which had the implicit backing of the king, abrogated the 1997 constitution and most of the state organisations it established. The auditor general’s office was spared, however, and the new military government confirmed Jaruvan in her position.

The government made Jaruvan a member of its newly established Assets Examination Committee (AEC), tasked with investigating corruption involving projects approved by Thaksin’s government. Jaruvan threatened to resign if its scope was not expanded to include all cases of alleged irregularity, including the personal wealth of former cabinet ministers.

The AEC has since commenced several high-profile investigations and Jaruvan has shown no fear. Her dogged determination has attracted many enemies, but she has set new standards of accountability in Thailand.

16. LEE KIN MUN (ALIAS MR BROWN), SINGAPORE

Singapore has some of the world’s tightest media restrictions. Little genuine public debate is permitted and investigative journalism is largely non-existent. The role of the media is to report government announcements rather than to hold the government to account. And so Singaporeans are fed a bland diet of lifestyle articles, world news often slanted to show Singapore in a good light by way of comparison, and news about government policy. Not surprisingly, Singapore has one of the world’s most active blogging communities. Genuine debate, opinion pieces and news appear on many Singapore-related websites.

Lee Kin Mun has become one of Singapore’s most widely read and influential bloggers through his social and political commentary website, http://www.mrbrown.com. Lee also produces a satirical podcast called the Mr Brown Show, which averages 20,000 downloads a day. It is sophisticated and hugely funny – and a stark contrast to what is available on local government-controlled television.

Such is the popularity of Lee’s blog that he was given a column in the government-controlled Today newspaper in a measure designed to demonstrate that the government could tolerate a measure of public debate. However, the experiment ended abruptly after Li wrote a column on rising living costs. A government official complained that Lee had distorted the truth and Singapore’s prime minister claimed that Lee had made wild accusations.

Lee continues to publish and broadcast his satires and commentaries, providing Singaporeans with a vibrant and diversified media otherwise denied them.

17. ZETI AKHTAR AZIZ, MALAYSIA

The assertive and competent Zeti Akhtar Aziz was appointed governor of Malaysia’s central bank in 2000. Her appointment demonstrated to the world that being a Muslim woman in an Islamic country was not incompatible with either holding a position of real power or with south-east Asian traditions. She had held previous positions with the bank, including deputy governor, chief economist and head of the economics department.

Zeti was instrumental in advising the government to unpeg the Malaysian ringgit from the US dollar, as she had been in advising the government about implementing the peg in the first place. Many might have disagreed with the government’s decision to peg the ringgit in 1998 during Asia’s economic crisis, but few could argue with the competency with which it was carried out – Malaysia’s central bank is one of Asia’s most technically able and least corrupt.

Zeti has been prominent in the development of Islamic finance in Malaysia and internationally, such that the country is emerging as an important centre for Islamic finance, both in its practice and in developing the regulatory framework to support it. She studied economics at the University of Malaya, obtained her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, and is published in the areas of monetary and financial economics, capital flows and macroeconomic management.

18. TARISA WATANAGASE, THAILAND

Tarisa Watanagase, the first female governor of the Bank of Thailand, the country’s central bank, was appointed to the post in October 2006; she also sits on the seven-member monetary policy board that sets interest rates in Thailand. She has been with the bank for 31 years (with a break at the IMF from 1988 to 1990) and is widely respected in the finance community not only for her technical skills, but also for her reputation as a fighter for central bank independence.

The attempts of previous prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra to undermine the independence of most key state institutions was one of the contributing factors in the military moving against him in September 2006. The interim military-backed government’s appointment of Tarisa to head the central bank was a signal that it intended to adopt a hands-off approach. Similarly, it opted to reinstate the auditor general, who Thaksin had sought to remove, for similar reasons (see Jaruvan Maintaka).

Born in 1949, Tarisa gained a PhD in economics from Washington University. She joined the bank in 1975 and has had experience in each key division. Before her appointment to governor, she had been one of the bank’s three deputy governors and another woman, Atchana Waiquamdee, was appointed to fill the vacancy created by Tarisa’s appointment. The pair provide clear evidence of the prominent role that women are able to play in Asia.

19. DAVID WEBB, HONG KONG

David Webb runs one of the best websites devoted to corporate governance among listed companies anywhere – see http://www.webb-site.com. His commentaries on the misdeeds of many of Hong Kong’s listed companies are exceptionally well written, and are devastating in their forensic and careful analysis. Unfair related-party transactions between listed and privately held companies are a particular target of his; a recent post, for example, looks at Chinese oil company CNOOC’s attempt to force minority shareholders to approve more loans to a finance company set up by its state-owned parent.

Still relatively young, Webb is a former investment banker who moved to Hong Kong from London in 1991. He was corporate finance director of Barclays subsidiary BZW Asia, conducting equity issues and advisory mandates throughout Asia, until 1994, when he became in-house adviser to Wheelock, a local listed conglomerate, before retiring in 1998.

He made a small fortune from savvy stock investing and has devoted much of his time since to non-profit corporate governance advocacy work, most notably through his website, which has attracted a following among the investment community. He has become widely quoted on corporate governance issues in the Hong Kong and regional media. He holds small stakes in many companies in order to attend AGMs and hold directors accountable.

He was elected a non-executive director of Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing, which runs Hong Kong’s stock exchange, in 2003. Some were concerned that this would compromise his independence, but his withering and typically humiliating website commentaries have continued.

20. PUSHPA KAMAL DAHAL (ALIAS PRACHANDA), NEPAL

Pushpa Kamal Dahal, aka Prachanda, is the leader of the Maoist Communist party of Nepal. Born into a Brahmin family in 1954, he studied agricultural science at a Nepalese university and was inspired by China’s Cultural Revolution in the 1970s to become active in the communist movement in Nepal. He became leader of the Communist party in 1986 and after it splintered he emerged as the leader of the Communist party of Nepal (Maoist) in 1994. The party gave the government a list of 40 demands and threatened to declare war if the demands were not met. Between 1996 and 2006, the Maoists waged a bloody civil war, causing enormous damage to Nepal’s rudimentary infrastructure and costing about 12,000 lives. Both sides were culpable and engaged in appalling human rights abuses.

In February 2005, Nepal’s king sacked the elected government and took direct control of day-to-day affairs of state. In November 2005, Prachanda and an alliance of seven parties that had been elected to Nepal’s parliament in 1999 released a 12-point plan for co-operation. Key to the plan was a commitment by all sides to a multi-party democracy, press freedom and human rights. A ceasefire was agreed and, at Prachanda’s urging, the government of prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala stripped almost all powers and many assets from the king, a process that has occurred with surprising speed.

Prachanda’s talks with the prime minister have resulted in an agreement that the Maoists will enter a multi-party interim government, a new constitution will be drafted and both sides will disarm under international supervision. Nepal now has its first chance of peace in more than a decade and the possibility of real political reform.

Kissinger: Not a zero-sum game for China and America

April 6, 2007
Dr Henry Kissinger met Mao Zedong and Chou Enlai in Beijing.

I agree with the viewpoint of Dr Henry Kissinger on the importance of the Sino-US cooperation. But I’m just wondering how many American political leaders still believe in the analysis made by their former Secretary of State.

Many people hold the view that the World War III is inevitable once China has decided to play a greater role in resolving international conflicts. Due to insatiable demand on energy, China will eventually clash with the America over the control of world energy sources. It’s timely for Kissinger to impress upon the need for the two countries to cooperate in the search for new sources of energy. The world becomes safer if the two countries could reduce conflicts over energy.

Kissinger stresses importance of Sino-U.S. cooperation in Shanghai speech

      
Visiting former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger stressed the importance of Sino-U.S. cooperation when delivering a speech on Thursday to students of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai.

Kissinger said China is on the rise, but the rise of China doesn’t mean the downfall of the United States. “It is not a zero-sum game. Both countries will develop through cooperation.” he said.

To highlight the importance of cooperation, Kissinger cited the energy issue. He said the world has developed a huge appetite for energy, but the supply of conventional energy is becoming more and more limited.

“The two countries need to cooperate to look for new sources of energy for the sake of everyone. There would be no winner if the two countries got into a conflict,” Kissinger said.

However, the two countries still face obstacles and challenges. Kissinger attributed these obstacles to different histories and cultural backgrounds.

“China had existed for thousands of years before the independence of the United States. China doesn’t need America’s permission to develop. And there is nothing we could or should do to prevent it. What we can do is to learn more about each other’s history, culture and reality,” Kissinger said.

Kissinger arrived in Shanghai after visiting Beijing at the invitation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), where he attended the China Forum on Science and Humanity.

Source: Xinhua